Hörsching DP Camp 60, See Kirchenholz
In the Hoersching Buried Excel file is data on the victims buried in Kirchenholz, a small wood by Hörsching. In 1948 the Austrian Schwarzes Kreuz (an organization that looks after the graves of war victims) opened these graves and transferred the dead to the St. Martin cemetry (Linz) for reburial. For further information contact:
GR Selam Ebead
T: +43 (0) 7243 / 519 73
F: +43 (0) 7243 / 519 77
I: +43 (0) 7243 / 519 74
July 3, 2007 Dear Olga Kaczmar!
Is a very good homepage about DP camps in Austria. I'm sending you pictures and the history in German from Lager 60 in Hoersching (near Linz) in Upper Austria. There were 18 houses and kitchen house - look at the plan (to the right).
The last two houses were demolished in year 1998.
I've been living in Hoerschig since 1987 on my grandmother's farmhouse. It´s near the camp and so I´m very interested in the history. I was born in Linz in Upper Austria and I know stories only from local word of mouth. Since I got the property from my family here in Hoersching, I´m looking for information and photos of this time period.
With kind regards from Upper Austria,
Hans Aumayr, email@example.com
Dipl.-Ing. HANS AUMAYR
The History of Camp 60 in Hoersching
Author Hans Aumayr, 2005-11-03
The history of camp 60 in Hoersching 1. labour camps - established 60 years ago.
• Before 1938, Hoersching was a small farm village.
• In 1938, the camp was established by the German armed forces for the building of the air base.
• Groundbreaking celebration by Field Marshal Hermann Goering was on 13 May 1938 (at the same time with groundbreaking celebration of the Hermann Goering of works - late Voest)
• From 1939 mostly foreign slave laborers (and also prisoners of war) were used for the building of the air base and were accommodated in the barracks camp. Ten thousands workers passed through this camp.
• To 1940/41 came captured Frenchmen.
• In Spring 1941 came about 800 captured Polish.
• In the late Summer 1941 came Russian prisoners of war.
• With the end of war, Hoersching was flooded with former prisoners from the camp Gunskirchen, POWs (mainly Hungarian Jews) were released by Americans, and in the course of the years, they filled the abandoned labour camp.
• With the outbreak of typhus fever, an emergency military hospital were furnished. The municipality physician, Dr. Hans Recheis, and many of his aids came down with typhus. (The doctor's daughter, Hoerschinger author Kaethe Recheis (born on 11 March 1928) - wrote about it also in book "Das Schattennetz" (The Shade Net) and/or described this time period in the book, "Lena - unser Dorf und der Krieg“ (Lena - Our Village and the War"). Dr. Recheis died of typhus on 9 June 1945. Camp 60 was a transit station for thousands of refugees.
• After all of the former prisoners were taken out of the camp, Hoersching became a transit camp for refugees from the east and southeast. They lost their homeland due to the war and the collapse of the German Reich. They predominantly originated from Südmähren, Pressburg and Yugoslavia (mostly from the Batschka, Gross Betschkerek, Rudolfsgrad, Esseg, Djakovo, Vinkovce und Vukovar).
• The 18 barracks became extremely full (approx.. 2200 persons were it).
• A school for the children with own teachers in the Kuechentrakt was established for the newly arrived.
• From August to November 1945, provisionally a second lieutenant of the Amis held the command of the camp, that afterwards of the office the oö. Federal state government was taken over. The camp was now called D P Siedlung 60, Hoersching (which meant: D P = displaced person, housing development 60 in Hoersching).
• Ten thousands in Wohnsiedlung 60 of the accommodated continued to migrate to the Federal Republic of Germany, also to USA and to Canada. Many remained in Hoersching and pulled into a dwelling and/or established a house. Some still today live in Hoersching.
• In the camp was also a meeting room for approx. 500 persons, which found up to the opening of the people home on 9 February 1964 used for group dance and meetings. Also cultural life was introduced. In the camp among other things performed the Exlbuehne, the Viennese singer boy, Peter Hey with Maxi Boehm, Leopold Schmiedseder, Maria von Schmedes, the Magier Rayo as well as a farmer theatre for guest performance.
• The camp produced a very successful soccer association. By Autumn 1945 a camp crew was educated. A connection at the Hoerschinger sports club failed, so that its own association with the name sport club 60 Breitbrunn was created. It organized a section table tennis also. To sporty successes (in 1948/49 ascended into the Austrian. national league) were due on the part of the Austrian football federation efforts under way to weaken the "foreigner associations" union sports club Breitbrunn and HAKOAH Linz by limited use from not Austrian citizens to (Nichtoesterreicherstatus of. 17. June 1948).
• In August 1952 a memorial plaque with the inscription was installed in the green island of the camp yard: "Established to the memory of the dead refugees from homelands in all world", which with the establishment of the Lawog housing estate was probably destroyed. 1. The last 2 barracks are rented as dwellings.
• In the last years, the two still existing warehouse were rented out for private use and as dwellings.
• In Autumn 1997 the market municipality bought the last barracks in Hoersching.
• In the February 1998, 60 years after the establishment becomes this cultural monument that closely connected with the history of Hoerschings, was torn down.
• On 4. 11. 2005 stone monument was erected at the former location to the memory of the camp inhabitants and/or refugee of homeland.
Click on photos to enlarge
and field around camp
Entrance & perimeter fence
From 8 until 25 May 1945 -- 17 days on the escape Popovsky
Memorial stone in 1950
inscription tells brief history of the camp
March 23, 2015 Lady Olga Kaczmar!
I have these 2 pictures taken yesterday at an exhibition in Linz Castle from a panel about the camps in Upper Austria.
Yours sincerely Hans Aumayr firstname.lastname@example.org
|Map of Upper Austria
DP camps 53, 55, 58, 65, 73, 76, 77
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