POW camps in Britain

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POW camps in Britain Submitted by: Alan Newark, England, UK braveheart562002@yahoo.com

10/27/04 Hello, I am trying to find out more about this camp where my mother was in 1948. Do you have any information?
Anna Feist andy@greenac.freeserve.co.uk


WW2, People's War: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/ Links for forced labor stores:
http://search.bbc.co.uk Foxley Camp 1946-58 http://foxley.org/ Photos and history

UK POW Camps handling wartime East Europeans  and / or post-war DPs

Extracted from list of UK POW Camps c/o  http://www.kg6gb/pow_camps_in_uk.htm
Camp No. 3  Moota Camp, Cockermouth, Cumberland. Opened in 1942 for 1,000 POWs. In 1947 it became a DPs Camp.

Camp No.3 & 63 This farm encampment at Ranneleroch, Balhary, Scotland, had two camps and a sub-camp, Nos. 3 and 63. After WWII the Balhary camp, under the name of Leroch, became a camp for East European DPs. Today, it is one of 12 farm work camps housing many East Europeans, including many Poles.

Camp No. 20 Wilton Park, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. A Special Camp which in wartime was the base of a Combined Services Interrogation Centre for senior German/Axis prisoners. From 1945-48 Camp 20 held POWs. From 1947-48 the camp held DPs from all over Europe.

Camp No. 111 Deer Park Camp, Marykirk, Aberdeenshire. In early WWII, this camp housed Polish and East European DPS. 1942-1943 became a POW camp. Covered 25 acres, housed 17,000 men and was built opposite site of Monymusk School, on site of St. Ninian's housing estate

Camp No. Springhill Lodge Camp. Post-war DPs Camp 

Camp No.232  Blockley, Gloucestershire. Built 1943 as a US field hospital. Later designated as Camp 232 under control of ICRC. Abandoned 1945. In 1947 became transit camp for Polish Resttlement Corp.

Camp No. 179  'The Hayes', Swanwick, Hayes,Swanwick, Derbyshire..ICRC Report Camp 179 26/245..camp held Germans, Dutch, Czechoslovaks, Norwegian, Luxembourgers, Jugoslavs

Camp No. 180  Marbury Hall Camp, Northwich, Cheshire. A POW Camp which held Germans, Poles, Russians sent for sorting from Camp 9

Northwick park 9/27/06
I viewed your DP Camps site with great interest. I lived in a UK DP camp 1948 to 1963 and I have documented it on the web www.northwickparkpolishdpcamp.co.uk . If you feel that visitors to your site would be interested in what I have done perhaps you would consider putting a link to it from your site. Regards, Zosia Biegust

The National Archives The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 20 8876 3444
Tel: +44 (0) 20 8392 5200
Fax: +44 (0) 20 8487 1977
http: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

The National Archives welcome visitors. If you search yourself, their staff will give you advice free of charge. If you visit them, you will need to register as a researcher. Bring with you some proof of identity. If you are a citizen of the UK or Republic of Ireland, bring either driving license, banker's card or passport. If you are a citizen of another country, bring a passport or national identity card. Telephone 0209 8392 5200 before you visit. You can register in advance as a reader at: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/visit/plan.htm

You can carry out some initial research by accessing the research guides and an on-line catalogue at:

Ex-PoWs and Displaced Persons, 1945 onwards
After the cessation of hostilities there were an estimated 11 million ex-PoWs, displaced persons, former slave labourers and concentration camp inmates in Northern Europe, of which nearly 2.5 million were within the British Zone. Between 1945 and 1949 Allied authority in Germany was exercised by the Commanders-in-Chief of the various Allied military zones, and jointly through a Control Council. In 1949, that authority was transferred from the military governors to Civil High Commissioners. In London, the department responsible for the exercising of British control in Germany and Austria was the Control Office, which in 1947 became the German Section of the Foreign Office.

Most of the records were generated by the Control Commission for Germany British Element (CCG) and its predecessors, of these an estimated 29,000 files have survived. Initially, it should be noted that The National Archives does not hold nominal rolls of detainees (except No. 3 Civilian Internment Camp Fallingbostel) displaced persons (DPs), former forced labourers or comprehensive lists of those released. Nor does it hold any nominal lists or the personnel files of those employed by the CCG or similar organizations. Occasionally, confirmation of a release or transfer can be found in individual camp records or regional camp administration records. The reasons behind detention are also scarce, however, this is sometimes mentioned in camp administrative records, usually in connection with incidents occurring within the camp, or as the result of separate investigations into an individual's wartime or post-war activities.

Files of the Displaced Persons Section are to be found in FO 945/359 -404 and 541 -773 and material on the resettlement of displaced persons exists in pieces FO945/460 -527.
The financial aspects of DP administration in Austria and Germany are documented in the Control Office Finance files in FO 944. In addition a few files concerning travel into and out of Germany by ex-PoWs and DP holders of Ministry of Labour permits is in the Control Office Travel files in FO 940.

Historical Manuscripts Commission: HMC is the UK's central advisory body on archives and manuscripts relating to British history. Established in 1869 by Royal Warrant, we are the principal source of information on the nature and location of records and a leading source of advice on matters relating to them. About HMC http://www.hmc.gov.uk

Write to The Secretary, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Quality House, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1HP, or Fax 020-7831-3550, or E-mail nra@hmc.gov.uk.

Headquarters British Forces Germany Health Service R02 Clinical Admin Medico Legal and Complainst Manager Whittingham Crescent 41179 Monchengladbach British Forces Post office 40 Tel 0049 2161 908 2234 Fax 0049 2161 908 2420, E-mail bill.roche310@land.mod.uk

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