Here's a map of Abtissendorf and Thalerhof camp:
"During the First World War, internment
camps were set up, mostly for Serbs and other pro-Serbian Yugoslavs. Men, women,
the children and the elderly were displaced from their homes and sent to concentration
camps all over the Empire such as Doboj (46,000), Arad, Gyor, Neusiedl am See."
From: http://www.danceage.com/biography/sdmc_Concentration_camp#Austria-Hungary or
"The people who lived on the northern
slope of the Carpathian Mountains (Lemkovyna), which is now in Poland and was
once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, have been subjected to severe and
much discrimination throughout many centuries. They have been forcibly relocated
and efforts have been made to eradicate all elements and traces of their distinctive
"As they stumbled from the train into the sunlight, they found themselves
surrounded by guards riding on horses. They were forced by whips to walk
in their weakened condition to Talerhof, a concentration camp which was
about a 20 minute walk away. The guards carried whips and did not
hesitate to use them on those who lagged or fell behind. Those who tried
to escape were shot dead and their bodies were pushed into any
convenient ditch to join the bodies of those who had succumbed to the
I suspect the writer is mixing up WW II concentration camps with the WW I ones. Admittedly the first were a prelude to the second. The second type were (bad German) vernichtungs lager- extermination camps, while the first were internierten lager- internment camps. Admittedly conditions were bad and the Thalerhof mausoleum in the Feldkirchen Church cemetery admits to nearly 2,000 deaths, I have never ever read about or seen first person memoirs about "gas or medical experiments." If you have some real information on this I'd like to have it. The Austrians may have been bad but they were not yet Nazis. I do speculate that in WW II some of the Nazi officers in the Carpathian Region were in fact from annexed Austria and they delivered some pay-back for being driven out in 1918. But I have no proof of this, it is speculative. Paul Best, email: email@example.com
Hawker Hunter J-4094
Osterreichisches Luftfahrtmuseum (stored), Graz/ Thalerhof, Austria
Bistum Innsbruck, Diözesanarchiv, Domplatz 6, Postfach 582, 6021 Innsbruck
Provinzarchiv der Nordtiroler Kapuziner, Kaiserjägerstr. 6, 6020 Innsbruck
Stift Wilten, Archiv, Klostergasse 7, 6020 Innsbruck
Universität Innsbruck, Universitätsarchiv, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck
Municipal office: Stadtgemeinde Spittal an der Drau
Tel: 0043 4762 5650 - 0
Fax: 0043 4762 5650 -156
"1945: Up to the end of war offer resistance against the terror of the Nazi regime, decided communist inside, to that its expression about also in the "Muehlviertler hasenjagd" finds and the KPOe brings large victims, approximately 160 communist inside come into upper Austria in the resistance around the life.... Death march of the Hungarian Jews (April). " Computer translation from Chronology of Teffling
I am from Argentine, and I have found your page after a long long search. Here, in my country, there is just a few information about the camps and all the history. I'd like to know if you could send me some information about Trofaiach camp, because I need it to know if my mother Juliana Stajdohar / Stajduhar was there between 1945-1948. She is from Slovenia. Please, any information send me it to firstname.lastname@example.org It's very important for me and my family, and you are the most important hope that I have in this moment. Thanks very much and sorry for my English. Julia Gonzalez
As I was doing research to help me translate my father's diary, I happened to come across the posting below which you placed on Olga Kaczmar 's web page. I was born in Trofaiach. My parents lived there during 1948-1949. I have lots of information about Trofaiach and would be glad to share that with you. John Zakelj St. Paul, Minnesota USA
Follow-Up: John, Miff and Julia have corresponded and have shared research. Great.
Viktring, near Klagenfurt, - refugees camped in muddy, tentless, plowed fields. 6,000 Yugoslavs, UNRRA team 332?, (British zone)
"The repatriations took place in late May and early June 1945, shortly after the Allied forces moved into Austria from Italy. If it were not for Barre's compassion, a further 6,000 Slovene refugees - all civilians, including 3,550 women and children - would have met the same fate.
"The Slovene soldiers and civilians who managed to flee Tito's communist Yugoslav forces, by crossing Slovenia's northern border into Austria, sought and received refuge with the British military in Viktring.
"On May 19, 1945, the civilian refugee camp at Viktring was placed under the command of Major Barre from Allied Military Government (AMGOT). A 38-year-old Canadian officer, Barre quickly grew fond of the Slovene inhabitants of his camp.
"On May 23, Allied Forces Headquarters told the Fifth Corps in Viktring that all Slovene soldiers were to be sent to Italy. With assurances of their safety, the unarmed soldiers initially went willingly - until the night of May 26 when a repatriated anti-Communist Serbian soldier returned to the camp with a horrifying first-hand account of the repatriates' true fate at the hands of Tito's Communist partisans. .. continued
Yugoslav Refugees in Camps in Egypt and Austria 1944-47 by John Corsellis
1/16/2014 Hi Olga,
My parents were born in Slovenia, they flight with my grandparents in May 1945 through the Loibltunnel to Carinthia and stayed with 20.000 Slovenians on the fields in Viktring, when the British military promised to bring them to Italy. But the trucks go back to Yugoslavia and more than 12.000 Slovenian were murdered.
On June 29th, 1945, all refugees came from Viktring to DP camps in Spittal, St. Veit and Lienz/Peggetz. My father (12 years old) came with the first train to Spittal, my mother (8 years) came to Lienz and in November 1946 with all the other refugges from Lienz to Spittal.
My parents are still living in Spittal and are helping everybody, who wants to know something about the living in the DP camps near Spittal. There were camps in Treffling/Seeboden, in Seebach/Seeboden für TBC patients, in Feffernitz (german-speaking refugees), Kellerberg (Hungarian), Villach/St. Martin and specially in Spittal and Lienz/Peggetz. They help to get birth documents, to find the grave of grandparents, to show the locations.
On your website the DP camp Peggetz/Lienz is named for Slovenian, but all informations and fotos are from the Cossacks, the Cossacks cemetery and their meetings every year.
This camp was built in 1938 and was a camp for POW. In the days 5 – 8th May 1945 there came the Cossacks from Italy (Tolmezzo – Timau – Plöckenpass – Lienz), maybe there were more than 40.000 Cossacks in the Drau valley, soldiers with wives, children and horses.
On June 1st, 1945 and the next days, the British military force them to get in the train – to send them back to the Russian cone at the bridge in Judenburg. The camp got empty.
On June 29th, trains stopped again near Peggetz. They brought more than 2000 Slovenians to stay in this camp for more than 16 months. Than they were brought to the DP camp in Spittal an der Drau.
Now this area is an industry area. The Cossacks were here only 4 weeks, and the people in Lienz know the story of the massacre. But it is hard to find somebody who nothing about Slovenian in Lienz/Peggetz.
This are only the essential informations.
We will be glad to get reactions from all over the world, especially from Slovenian refugees and there descendants. We also organized sightseeing tours in Carinthia and PowerPoint presentations about living in the DP camps.
Johanna Kronawetter, born Starman email@example.com
Vienna has its own page.
Villach, Team 336 (British zone), 2 camps: Villach on the Drau river and St. Martin on St. Martiner Strasse (Stadteil)
City Archive: Magistrat der Stadt Wien - MA 8 -
Wiener Stadt- und Landesarrchiv
A 1010 Wien 1
Tel: +43 (1) 4000-84808 and +43 (1) 400099-84819
City Archive:- Stadtarchiv Villach
Telephone: 43 (4242) 205 349
|click to enlarge|
|Map of Villach St Martincamp (source: Stieber)
submitted by Klaus Fohringer
I have posted a nice series of pictures of the Villach-St. Martin Refugee Centre on my website which you may wish to link to. http://www.crommelin.org/history/Biographies/1914Edward/UnrraScrapbook/Villach/Villach.htm Regards, Miff Crommelin Miff Crommelin
I am delighted to find your website. I am searching for information about my Grandmother and my Mother who were in Villach St Martin from the years of 1944 to 1950. They had come there from Belaurus and I am in search of recovering our family stories. Would you be able to offer any information or assistance? Thank you, Blessings, Shaunessy Owen (Marchi)
Red Cross camps
My aunt was in charge of several camps in Austria, on behalf of the British Red Cross, first at Villach then in Vienna. She appears to have been for a while in overall charge of the British run camps in Vienna. She was a prolific writer and I have a weekly letter from her to her mother throughout the 1945-6 period. I am preparing them for a project at my daughter's school. No-one apart from the staff is mentioned by name but the picture she describes of life in the camps is fascinating. Your advice on preparing these materials to be shared more fully by survivors of these times would be welcome. Peter Leevers
We hope to hear more from Peter in the future. Olga
1/1/06 Dear Olga,
You are the Mother Teresa of refugees. In May 1948, soon after fleeing from Budapest to Vienna, I managed to slip into the British Zone at Muerzuschlag). Naively I boarded a train to Salzburg where I thought a friend of mine was. But I had absolutely no documentation and British MPs took me off the train and politely escorted me to a transit camp at the outskirts of Villach. I think I spent only about a week or less there while the Brits established my political refugee status, etc. Now I wonder how could I find out the name of this camp and locate someone whose memory is better than mine about this place. Have you any suggestions? Will much appreciate your advice in this matter...kind regards, the very best for the new year, andrew dettre, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: +43 (5574) 511-45005
FAX: +43 (5574) 511-45095
Vorkloster, Bregenz, L. Vorarlberg (French)
Vols / Wols, L. Upper Austria, (U.S.) See Wels below. Völs is a market town in the district of Innsbruck-Land in the Austrian state of Tyrol located at the western border of Innsbruck. It was mentioned for the first time in documents in 1188.
Wagna in Südsteiermark or South Styria, see Leibnitz for archives. Wagna is a municipality in the district of Leibnitz in Styria, Austria. The ancient Roman town of Flavia Solva lies near what is today Wagna.
Photos submitted by Klaus Fohringer
click to enlarge
FL Wagna 1955 Gedenkståtte
Getting food from common kitchen (source: Stieber)
Lagerstrasse, Camp street in Wagna (source: Stieber)
Photo 13: Lager Wagna. 2.v.1. Flüchtlingsseelsorger Msgr. Thiel.
Weichselbaum Siedlung, Jews,
Weidmannsdorf, Camp C, UN # 332 (British zone) see Klagenfurt
Below is picture of the Nazi POW Camp Weidmannsdorf, which after the war became a DP Camp (source: Stalag18a Veterans)
|Photo submitted Klaus Fohringer|
Nov. 19, 2014 Hello Madam
I have already contacted you for research concerning my dad some time ago, I found this photo. I am almost sure that the man with the small beard is my dad. Unfortunately I do not find this photo on the sites. Can you help me. She had to be taken to peggetz -lienz. This would correspond with the travel card on the latter. UNRRA AUSTRIAN OPERATION 331 TB: WEIDMANDORF CAMP TEA D. P. 6S LISTED REQUESTED TO BE SENT TO Klagenfurt where they intended to find work.PLEASE DEMIT THE ABOVE D.P.S. HAVE NOT BEEN REGREGISTERED IN THIS CAMP. (Computer translation from French below.)
2 SEPT. 1946
My father was KONONOV IVAN made prisoner the May 10, 1943 in Dnipropetrovs'k do the September 16, 1926 I sought the camp of dp , and perhaps I can know as well the concentration camp where he spent his youth. Thank you Madam for everything that you do for the memory of our Ukrainian families still well forgotten in this war.
je vous ai déjà contactée pour des recherches concernant mon papa.
il y a quelque temps, j'ai trouvé cette photo.
je suis presque sûre que l'homme avec la petite barbe est mon papa.
Malheureusement je ne retrouve pas cette photo sur les sites.
pouvez -vous m'aider.
Elle a dû être prise à peggetz -lienz. cela correspondrait avec la carte de déplacement de celui -ci.
UNRRA AUSTRIAN OPERATION 331
TO: WEIDMANDORF CAMP
THE D.P.6S LISTED REQUESTED TO BE SENT TO KLAGENFURT.
WHERE THEY INTED TO FIND WORK: PLEASE DEMIT
WITHOUT DP 2 THE ABOVE D.P.S. HAVE NOT BEEN REGREGISTERED IN THIS CAMP.
2 SEPT. 1946
mon père était KONONOV IVAN fait prisonnier le 10 Mai 1943 à Dnipropetrovsk né le 16 septembre 1926
Je cherche le camp de dp , et je pourrais peut-être connaître ainsi le camp de concentration ou il a passé sa jeunesse.
Merci Madame pour tout ce que vous faites pour la mémoire de nos familles Ukrainienne encore bien oubliées dans cette guerre.
(I guess I lost the email address to this person. Please see below for reader's reply.)
Dec 11, 2014 Dear Olga,
I found a new posting (Nov. 19, 2014) by the DP camp Weidmannsdorf, a french letter with english translation. But there is no name of the writer, so I answered to you:
I know the foto, I have the complete film, the peacures of all classes that where photographed this day. This is a foto from Lienz, DP camp Peggetz. The barrack Nr. 17 was the school barrack.
The man with the bread (I mean the man in the front with the grey coat) is Ciril Vider. My mother wrote a list with all names of the teachers and pupils she knows. All the teachers and children are Slovenian.
By the way, the UNRRA-number of Lienz was 331 and the Number of Weidmannsdorf was 332.
I hope you can give this information to the writer. I also can write the information in Slovenian.
Johanna Kronawetter email@example.com
Wegscheid / Maurice L - (US zone); UNRRA team 337; 57 Hungarians, Jews
Telefon: +49 (0) 8592/ 888-0
Fax: +49 (0) 8592/ 888-40
|Photo submitted Klaus Fohringer|
|FL Linz Wegscheid 1948 (Photo credit: Ecker)|
Wegscheid / Vogscheid Tyler I Land Oberösterreich (Upper Austria) (U.S. zone)
See archives: Landesarchiv Linz.
Wegscheid reception centre, / Vogscheid / Land Upper Austria, (U.S. zone) UNRRA: Team 337 Wegscheid farewell party
Land Oberösterreich, see Landesarchiv Linz.
Wels has its own page. (Oberösterreich Upper Austria)
City Archive: Stadtarchiv
Tel. (07242) [0043 7242] 235
City of Wels:
Magistrat der Stadt Wels
4600 Wels, Stadtplatz 1
Telefon: 0043 (7242) 235-0
Wiesenhof, in Absam municipality, in Innsbuck, (French zone),
Photos submitted by Klaus Fohringer
Wolfsberg on the Lavant river, UNRRA team 329, former POW camp Stalag XVIIIA Hofendorf (?), (British zone)
Here is picture of the Nazi POW Camps Wolfsberg,
(source: Stalag18a Veterans )
Zell Am See is near Saalfelden, Pinzgau district, Lake Zellner See, (US zone). See Salzburg archives.
DP camp photos & map: http://www.crommelin.org/history/Biographies/1914Edward/UnrraScrapbook/ZellAmSee/ZellAmSee.html
Municipal office: Stadtgemeinde Zell am See
Brucker Bundesstrasse 2
A 5700 Zell am See
Tel: 0043 6542 766 -0
Fax: 0043 6542 766 -30
Zeltweg (British zone) - Jews
Zeltweg is a town in Styria, Austria. It is located in the Aichfeld basin of the Mur River in Upper Styria. Larger municipalities in the vicinity are Judenburg, Knittelfeld and Fohnsdorf. Town info: http://www.zeltweg.at
Telefon: 03577-22521 0
Telefax: 03577-22521 17