74) The Aftermath, Living with the Holocaust, by Aaron Hass, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-521-57459-5, 213 pages including an index. $18.10. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
75) In the Shadow of the Holocaust, the Second Generation by Aaron Hass, Cambridge University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-521-49893-7, 162 pages. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
76) Night by Elie Wiesel, Bantam Books, New York, 1960, ISBN 0-553-7253-5, 109 pages. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
77) Survival in Auschwitz, by Primo Levi, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1996, ISBN 0-684-82680, 187 pages. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
78) A History of the Holocaust, Revised Edition by Yehuda Bauer, Scholastic Inc., 1982, ISBN 0-531-15576-5, 213 pages. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
79) The Displaced by T. G. Lackner, about DP camp HAID / ANSFELDEN in Austria - Out of print80) Insula book:
82) WWII Through Polish Eyes by MB Szonert - That was excellent, says Janie Micchelli, 2002, East European Monographs, Columbia University Press, 399 pages. http://www.polishlibrary.org/review/Throughpolisheyes.htm
83) Story of a Secret State by Jan Karski - you can get a copy of this from abebooks.com for under $5, ISBN: 1931541396
84) City of Greven: I just wanted to let you know about the publication of my Ph.D. thesis (in German language only). For more information just use the following urls:
City of Greven, Fachdienst Allgemeiner Service, Stadtarchiv (City Archive)
Dr. Stefan Schröder
85) DP: Lithuanian Immigration to Canada After the Second World War, by Danys, M. (1986), Toronto: Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario.
86) A Life of Hope, Memoirs of Nadia the Survivor, by Anton, Peter, Art Bookbindery, Canada ISBN 0-9736966-0-5, 112 pp.
I've started a blog about my parents and their experiences in the slave labor camps in Germany, and later their experiencs in the US as DPs.
I've posted about why I write about them, about how they came to America, about what it was like in the DP camps after the war.
I thought you might like to see the blog.
88) The Ashes of Innocence by Alexandra Tesluk, is a powerful, gripping page-turner. Blending intense psychological trauma, interspersed elements of beauty and love, Tesluk guides you on a journey, recollecting a childhood filled with repetitive physical, mental and emotional abuse and her search for her father lost in the rubble of World War II. ISBN 9-780980-894202. Order from http://www.volumesdirect.com
89) Searching the Place Ukrainian Displaced Persons,Canada and the Migration of Memory, by Lubomyr Y Luciak. Drawing on personal diaries, in-depth interviews, and previously unmined government archives, the author provides an interpretation of the Ukrainian experience in Canada that is both illuminating and controversial, scholarly and intimate. Luciuk reveals how a distinct Ukrainian Canadian identity emerged and has been manipulated, negotiated, and recast from the beginnings of Ukrainian pioneer settlement at the turn of the last century to the present. Written with journalistic skill and a clear interpretive vision, Searching for Place represents a meticulous, original, and provocative contribution to the study of modern Canada and one of its most important communities. ISBN Paperback: 080208088X http://www.infoukes.com/bookstore/luciuk/searching_for_place.html
90) My Flag Grew Stars: World War II Refugees Journey to America by Kitty Gogins allows readers to relive her parents' fascinating story. Their world destroyed in World War II, teenagers Olga and Tibor flee Hungary, and struggle to survive as refugees. Their experiences on the losing side provide a unique perspective of war, the actions of Americans, and the daily fight of refugees to survive. Immigrating as indentured servants, they unite, embarking on a journey to become Americans. Through perseverance and creativity, they learn how to thrive, Tibor as a world-renowned professor and Olga counseling refugees, earning the title area immigrants patron saint. firstname.lastname@example.org
91) The Red
Prince by T. Snyder: This is a true story that
is written by a historical master writer; a story that not many know
about a fight for Ukraine and the way European countries came about. It is the story
of the Habsburgs, in particular Wilhelm who became Ukrainian by choice and
wore the Ukrainian embroidered shirt under his uniform. He was known as Vasyl
92) An Italian
Renaissance: Choosing Life in Canada [Hardcover], by Robert Rubinstein,
$24.95 See Amazon.com.
The central focus of which is the Grugliasco DP Camp where my parents were trapped for almost three years, and where I was born in 1948. Robert Rubinstein email@example.com
Night Sky: A Journey from Dachau to Denver? It
has a lot of information about the DP camps in general, and has specific
chapters about Altenstad, Pfaffenhofen, and Mittenwald. Olga,
you are in the book because something you said inspired me to continue
the search for my father.
For a unique and absorbing journey into the heart of the DP camps, click this link for an extraordinary story of the DP Camps and Poland, Ukraine, and Germany during WW II. http://www.amazon.com/Night-Sky-Journey-Dachau-ebook/dp/B0058B9FQ6/ref=sr_1_
94) Titos Kriegsgefangene.
Folterlager, Hungermˆssrsche und Schauprozesse. By
Tito's POWs Torture camps, hunger marches and show trials, published in June 2001 300 pages, numerous illustrations. Fig, Leopold Stocker Verlag | ISBN: 3702009175, See Amazon.com, Submitted by: Alan Newark
95) Waiting to be Heard: The Polish Christian Experience Under Nazi and Stalinist Oppression 1939-1955 [Paperback] (Author) Bogusia J. Wojciechowska http://www.amazon.com/Bogusia-J.-Wojciechowska/e/B002ZQ188K/ref=ntt_athr_dp_pel_1 Publication Date: September 4, 2009
Waiting to be Heard is the voice of the persecuted, the brave, the hopeful, the betrayed and the determined. It is a testament to the strength of the human spirit and to a generation that did not see itself as 'victims,' but as 'survivors.' Studies of the War and post-War years have traditionally focused on political and military history. In recent years there has been a greater interest in the social consequences of the War. Nevertheless, discussions relating to the displacement of the Polish-born usually focus on the Holocaust interpreted as a Jewish-only phenomenon.
Yet, in the years 1939-45, Poland lost 6, 029, 000, or 22%, of its total population, including approximately 3 million of its Christian residents. Many of those who survived the War, at its conclusion, were scattered all over the world; by the end of 1945, 249, 000 members of the Polish Armed Forces were under British command, with 41, 400 dependants in the United Kingdom, Italy, East and South Africa, New Zealand, India, Palestine, Mexico and Western Germany. Submitted by: Alan Newark
96) The Greatest Invention of the Leitz Family: The Leica Freedom Train, by Frank Dabba Smith
How Leica saved Jews and how one member helped 800 Ukrainian women slave labourers,
As Christians, Leitz and his family were immune to Nazi Germany's Nuremberg laws, which restricted the movement of Jews and limited their professional activities.To help his Jewish workers and colleagues, Leitz quietly established what has become known among historians of the Holocaust as "the Leica Freedom Train," a covert means of allowing Jews to leave Germany in the guise of Leitz employees being assigned overseas. The refugees were paid a stipend until they could find work. Out of this migration came designers, repair technicians, salespeople, marketers and writers for the photographic press.
Leitz's daughter, Elsie Kuhn-Leitz, was imprisoned by the Gestapo after she was caught at the border, helping Jewish women cross into Switzerland. She eventually was freed but endured rough treatment in the course of questioning. She also fell under suspicion when she attempted to improve the living conditions of 700 to 800 Ukrainian slave laborers, all of them women, who had been assigned to work in the plant during the 1940s.
According to the late Norman Lipton, a freelance writer and editor, the Leitz family wanted no publicity for its heroic efforts. Only after the last member of the Leitz family was dead did the Leica Freedom Train finally come to light. Submitted by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
97) To Battle: The Formation and History of the 14. Gallician SS Volunteer Division, by Michael Melnyk. To order: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1874622191/thirdreichfactbo, edition 2 is updated and in paperback.
"The newly established Ukrainian government has allowed the veterans to draw war pensions, honour their dead and those vets still living in Ukraine can publically defend themselves and their actions without fear of reprisal. This turn of events has rekindled a latent interest in the Division and has caused a shift in the nature of the research being undertaken which is no longer focused solely on denial of accusations of war crimes. However the market forces that these newly emerging democracies are subjected to have had some unfortunate side effects, namely a huge black market in any material related to this Division. Whilst the archives are now accessible, their contents are often available to the highest bidder. Other 'entrepreneurs’ will happily steal original material to order and in this way documents, soldbuchs and photographs hitherto unseen in the west have begun to make their way onto the open market in the west. This material which has been indiscriminately pilfered, is offered without provenance so that it’Äôs potential to contribute to the wider history of this unit is often fatally compromised," from an interview with Melnyk, http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=12279
Submitted by: Alan Newark email@example.com
98) Umerziehung Im Lager: Internierung und Bestrafung von Nationalsozialisten in der Britischen Besatzungszone Deutschlands, by Heiner Wember: Dissertation, Klartext Verlag. Essen. 1. Auflage, 1991; 2. Auflage 1992, 3. Auflage 2007'
This book is about the British internment camps. Submitted by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
99) Reeducation camp Detention and punishment of the Nazis in another British occupation zone of Germaby Author, Heiner Wember, 2007 (2nd edition) ISBN / EAN: 978-3-89861-883-0
Germany 1945: fear of werewolf commandos and a Nazi Unbergrundbewegung decide the Allies, in addition to the farenden Nazis and the overall mean level of the staff of the NSDAP, SS, Gestapo, Hitler Youth and SA as well as administration officials and 'suspicious persons'; interned. Only the British arrest 90,000 men and women and keep them in North and West Germany for up to three years in twelve camps - set - including the former concentration camp Neuengamme and Esterwegen.
Heiner Wember evaluates the first historian of the English Internierungsakten. He describes not only the internment and the trials of 19,000 prisoners, but also traces how the thinking of the Nazi elite and F?hlen changed during the internment. Because despite very poor accommodation and food there was in the British camps an active cultural life, a ?berraschend intensive missionary work of the churches and above all, a lot of time to think.
Submitted by: Alan Newark email@example.com
100) Orwell and the Refugees: The Untold Story of Animal Farm [Kindle Edition]. Andrea Chalupa (Author), Olexji Keis (Author), Publication Date: March 11, 2012 See: http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/B007JNKF5G/ref=sib_dp_kd#reader-link
After having spent years working on the manuscript, George Orwell struggled to find a publisher for Animal Farm. An anti-Soviet satire was not welcome at a time when the West needed Stalin to fight Hitler, and leading intellectuals still believed in the promise of the Russian Revolution. Orwell managed to publish his "fairy tale" in 1945 at a small press for ¬£100. Six months later, a copy ended up in the hands of Ihor Sevcenko, a Ukrainian refugee who recognized its profound meaning.
Sevcenko wrote to Orwell in London, and, working with him by letter, published Animal Farm in Ukrainian. In March 1947, Sevcenko printed around 5,000 copies to distribute among the Ukrainian refugees in the displaced persons camps of postwar Germany and Austria. But only 2,000 books were given out; U.S. soldiers confiscated the rest and handed them over to Soviet authorities to be destroyed as propaganda.
Though my mother and father were been born in Ukrainian displaced persons camps, after their parents had escaped the Soviet Union through the hell of the Eastern Front, it had never occurred to me that out of the 2,000 copies that survived among the 200,000 or so Ukrainian refugees, that my family would have one. As I discovered while researching my family's history, my uncle had picked up a copy in the refugee camp when he was a boy, and brought Orwell's masterpiece with him when he immigrated to the United States. I decided to explore the history behind this family heirloom and share it as a reminder of the humanitarian importance of speaking truth to power.
Submitted by Slavko kpyk1939@comcast/net
Actually the US confiscated the books and burned them themselves. They were not donated to the Soviets. So there you have it. Americans, Nazis and Russians all burn dangerous books. Nice company. Mirko firstname.lastname@example.org
101) Ukraine in Foreign Comments by Volodymyr Sichynsky, available through Amazon.com
102) Goralenvolk: A History of Betrayal - Wojciech Szatkowski's book, Goralenvolk: Historia Zdrady (Goralenvolk: A History of Betrayal), is published by Kanon.
Poland prides itself on the fact that there was no pro-Nazi government that collaborated with its German occupiers. However, a clique of highlanders actively collaborated with the Germans, championing the bogus idea of the Goralenvolk (Highlander folk), which claimed that the highlanders were descended from the Goths.
Hans Frank, Nazi governor of the 'Generalgouvernement' sector of occupied Poland visits Zakopane. "The Germans prepared the idea of the Goralenvolk to break the Polish nation into small parts," author Wojciech Szatkowski told our reporter Nick Hodge. Nazis forged myth that highlanders were descended from German settlers.
Szatkowski, who participated in the 16th Krakow Book Fair over the weekend, is the grandson of Henryk Szatkowski, one of Nazi Germany's key collaborators in the Podhale region of southern Poland.
103) Between Shades of Gray, a riveting novel by Ruta Sepetys, daughter of a Lithuanian refugee. www.betweenshadesofgray.com
The nations of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia disappeared from maps from 1941-1990. As this story is seldom told, Ruta wanted to give voice to the thousands of people who lost their lives during Stalin's cleansing of the Baltic region.
In 1941, fifteen-year-old Lina is preparing for art school. But, one night, the Soviet secret police barge violently into her home, deporting her along with her mother and younger brother to Siberia. Lina's father is sentenced to death in a prison camp. Lina fights for her life, fearless, vowing that if she survives, she will honor her family, and thousands like hers, by documenting their experience in her art and writing.
104) God, Give Us Wings by Felicia Prekeris Brown, It’s available on Amazon: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1484189124/ref=s9_psimh_gw_p14_d0_i1?pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&pf_rd_s=center-2&pf_rd_r=1CHBRXYVXYZA94AVZ6WX&pf_rd_t=101&pf_rd_p=1688200422&pf_rd_i=507846
I am a survivor of World War II from Lithuania, and recently published a book on our struggles to escape the Soviets in 1944, the flight through Germany, and the years in a DP camp in the British Zone. It is a memoir of my family's life: Father, Mother, older sister and me, called God, Give Us Wings for the prayer I uttered as a small child when it looked like the only way to escape annihilation on the ground would be to fly away. My book describes in detail, including documents I copied in Blomberg in 2011, the life in the camp from 1945 to 1948.
- There is a new book with lots of information about the DP camp of Eboli, Italy 1945 -1947. Although it was publlshed in Australia, payment via paypal and transport was no problem. Really a recommondation. There also is a list with the names of all the people who died in the camp. http://www.stsava.org.au/History_ENG.php
- Book: Christ Stopped at Eboli (Italian: Cristo si e fermato a Eboli) is a memoir by Carlo Levi, published in 1945, giving an account of his exile from 1935-1936 to Grassano and Aliano, remote towns in southern Italy, in the region of Lucania which is known today as Basilicata. In the book he gives Aliano the invented name 'Gagliano'.
"The title of the book comes from an expression by the people of 'Gagliano' who say of themselves, 'Christ stopped short of here, at Eboli' which means, in effect, that they feel they have been bypassed by Christianity, by morality, by history itself—that they have somehow been excluded from the full human experience." Levi explained that Eboli, a location in the region of Campania to the west near the seacoast, is where the road and railway to Basilicata branched away from the
106) Poland books:
Fred Hoffman has produced several very useful books. Two which I have in my personal library and use often are:
o Surnames: Origins & Meanings, 3rd Edition
o First Names of the Polish Commonwealth: Origins & Meanings
It my my understanding the Polish Genealogical Society of America (PGSA) is the publisher of the above two books. Here's PGSA's bookstore where short descriptions of the surnames book and first names books are described: http://www.pgsa.org/Books/Books.php
107) Civil Internment Camps by Dylan on 10 Feb 2004, 23:48
Internierungslager britisch; from: book by...Heiner Wember: Umerziehung Im Lager: Internierung und Bestrafung von Nationalsozialisten in der Britischen Besatzungszone Deutschlands. Dissertation, Klartext Verlag. Essen. 1. Auflage, 1991; 2. Auflage 1992, 3. Auflage 2007'.
108) A great book for British involvement in POW / DP activities is Count Nikolai Tolstoy's work Victims of Yalta. Especially useful ref camps in Britain and the eastward deportations of Soviet POWs and DPs.Submitted by: Alan Newark email@example.com
109) There is another great book, The Last Secret, about the forcible repatriation by British troops, including the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
(who recruit in, among other places, my home town of Paisley, next to Glasgow), from the Drau Valley in Austria in 1945 of over 20,000 Cossacks and Caucasians. Again, many were, on paper, POWs, but the Soviet Liaison Officer at SHAEF had, to prevent the admission of Soviet nationals in enemy uniform, agreed to receive all such POWs as DPs. Plus there were many women and children within those camps. All, regardless of age, gender, health were forcibly put on trains or lorries and sent to either immediate certain death or forced labour in the Soviet interior. This book contains useful memoirs by British troops.Submitted by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
110) Download pdf file to your desktop: Publications by Ukrainian Displaced Persons and Political Refugees, 1945-1954, in the John Luczkiw
Collection,Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto; Microfilm Collection, An Electronic Bibliography; Edited by Wasyl Sydorenko; Compiled by Yury Boshyk and WBodzimierz Kiebalo; Petro Jacyk Central and East European Resource Centre University of Toronto Libraries, Toronto 2004
111) Dr. Gabriela Stieber's book: Nachkriegsflüchtlinge in Kärnten und der Steiermark (The Refugees After WW2 at Carinthia and Styria), 1997.
112) The Book Thief by Australian author Markus Zusak, narrated by Death, set in 1939 Nazi Germany. Markus Zusak, born 1975, is the author of
five books, including the international bestseller, The Book Thief, which is translated into more than forty languages. First released in 2005, The Book Thief has spent a total of 400 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list, and still remains there eight years after it first came out. The Book Thief (the Movie) -The film is about a young girl living with her adoptive German family during the Nazi era. Taught to read by her kind-hearted foster father, the girl begins "borrowing" books and sharing them with the Jewish refugee being sheltered by her foster parents in their home.
113) Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933: Genocide by Other means. Authors Taras Hunczak and Roman Serbyn. New York 2007 Shevchenko Scientific Society, USA. Complete research on the Russians papers authorizing the Ukrainian geocide in 1930s. Library CardControl 2007936443.
114) The English Kobzar (in Kindle) by Anthony Schlega
Kobzars – Minstrels, who not only sang their melodies but also spread the news on theirwanderings from village to village. This is why the early Soviet Government exterminated them.
The English Kobzar tells stories of Soviet exiles, Stalin’s ‘Wanted: Dead or Alive.’
1. Xenophobia: the fear of the unknown. How it affected not only the father of the author but many other anti-Soviets like him.
2. The Thirty Shilling Child: the story of the author’s childhood where he was raised in a xenophobic environment.
3. Surviving Lienz: tells the tale of a Cossack tragedy. The story of mass lethal deportation by the British Army turning over thousands of Stalin’s most-wanted back into the hands of thetyrant.
4. After Lienz: tells personal stories of some of the survivors of the lethal deportation.
5. Tsipek: the author’s personal experiences and conversations with John Demjanjuk, a Soviet exile and hunted war criminal. He became a scapegoat for Nazi war crimes.
On Amazon.com on Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01A2U>UBOC?*Version*=1&*entries*=0
Anthony Schlega email@example.com
115) "Wearing the Letter P:Polish Women as Forced Laborers in Germany during World War II 1939-1945." I wrote the book in honor of my mother and the hundreds of thousands of Polish women who were forced to wear a big letter "P" on their clothing, identifying them as Poles and subjecting them to gross discrimination during their time as forced laborers. The book begins in Poland during the occupation and follows Polish women as they were subject to roundups, transports to Germany, and describes the conditions of their lives and work situations in agriculture and industry, health, illness, pregnancy and childbirth issues as well as the final days of the war and their stay in DP camps. It is going to be released in October by Hippocrene Books. I think there may be readers on your web site who may be interested in the topic as it answers all the questions I ever had about my mother's experience as a forced laborer. If you would like to post that information on your website, please do. If anyone would like to email me please note that my current email address: Sophie Hodorowicz Knab firstname.lastname@example.org
I am attaching an excerpt from the last chapter of Wearing the Letter P: Polish Women as Forced Laborers 1939-1945 about DP camp Ludwigsburg in the American Zone. The letter was written by a young Polish girl who, along with her twin sister had been taken for forced labor. I came across the letter as part of my research in Germany. I see on the web site that there are some people who are interested in more information about that camp and this may give them an idea of what the camp was like. I only ask that you give it's source: pages 242 and 243 of Wearing the Letter P: Polish Women as Forced Laborers 1939-1945 by Sophie Hodorowicz Knab
Ludwigsburg 29 VII 45
We are imagining your joy when you receive this letter. We are now, along with our entire Telefunken group in Ludwigsburg (to the north of Stuttgart). Our camp is very well organized. For the younger children there is a school and business courses for the older ones which we are taking part in. Among other things we are learning English and typing on a machine. Our teachers are Polish officers, former POW's. In the camp I am an important individual and painter. First, with Jola we decorated the community room. When the priest who was assigned to our camp organized a chapel in the stable, there lacked a holy picture for the altar so he suggested I paint one (photograph from DZOK) From that time on I have been recognized . They are looking for a teacher for me but it is difficult. I was introduced to a variety of American administrators and priests.
We live with 8 other girls in a nice bright room. With us also is Helenka. The food is good. Most frequently macaroni so I eat until full. We can buy as much fruit as we want. And chocolates we have had enough.
Our situation is very good only the worst is not knowing about you. If only we had news from you we would be quite happy.
I won't think bad thoughts. We must be happy that we lived through these difficult times of slavery; the hunger, the constant bombardments...the experience did not turn out to be bad. We learned more during this experience than we could have in five years of normal living. I am not going to regret this time, if only we could return to our dearest.
I constantly think of you and Aunt Wanda. You have caused me so much worry. You are both so weak and yet you worry about us! Please remember that we are no longer children. We are able to rely on ourselves so that we do well but we will never bring you shame!
We talk constantly about returning home. Maybe it won't be long before we leave as well.
We'd like to visit Aunt Lidia but the railways are not in order and it is pretty far, more than 130 kilometers. Electric rails only go as far as Stuttgart(15 km)
Yesterday we went to the circus.
If only we could communicate with Witek or Ina but everything is complicated by the lack of transport.
Since our belongings were burned we were forced to sew ourselves some jackets.
We are curious about Tadek. Is he at home or in the army?
I can't imagine how father is doing not hearing from us for so long. I'm sure he can't understand why we haven't returned.
Kisses to you, Aunt Wanda and everyone, Jela and Jola Gabriela and Jolanta Knapski returned to Poland in November 1945.
'Red Famine' Revisits Stalin's Brutal Campaign To Starve The Peasantry In Ukraine
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Anne Applebaum explains how Stalin killed millions in the '30s by orchestrating a famine to suppress the nationalist movement and strengthen Russian influence in Ukraine.
or if you want to read:
117) Echoes of Tattered Tongues: Memory Unfolded
My Parents' Experiences as Polish Slave Laborers in Nazi Germany and Displaced Persons after the War
John Guzlowski / Amazon Author's Page www.amazon.com/author/johnguzlowski
118) Publications by Ukrainian 'Displaced Persons' and Political Refugees in 1945-1954
by Boshyk, Yuri; Kiebalo, Wlodzimierz. Over 4,400 sources - and that is just from 1945 thru 1954. Most of them are in Ukrainian language. Although there are quite a few in English, French, Spanish, German, Polish, Russian . . .
119) Hi Olga,
Just wanted to let you know about the books that I've written on this topic, published by Scholastic and available in many countries and languages. They've won lots of awards and are historically accurate.
My best-known is Making Bombs for Hitler, about a young Ostarbeiter. It is part of a trilogy:
The other books in the trilogy are:
The War Below about an escaped Ostarbeiter [Worker from the East] who joins the UPA
And Stolen Girl, about a girl taken for the Lebensborn program:
All the best, Marsha Skrypuch
120) Images of America, Ukrainians of Western Pennsylvania, by Stephen P. Haluszaczak; www.arcadiapublishing.com ISBN 978-1-5316-4248-8
Originally known as Ruthenians, Ukrainians began to immigrate to western Pennsylvania (around Pittsburgh and neighboring towns taking jobs as coal miners, railroad workers, glass factory workers, etc. This historical picture diary has loads of vintage photographs of these early settlers, and through WWI and WWII displaced persons.
German books on forced labor at UC Berkeley Library. More German books on forced labor
See website of Harry W. Mazal for more Jewish research material. http://www.holocaust-history.org/questions/dps.shtml
Jewish books in Dan Wyman's catalog http://www.geocities.com/daniel_wyman/catalog9f.htm
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