Displaced Persons Links A-M

Airline Flights: DP Flights to the U.S. & Canada

2 Jul 2013 Olga,

We've exchanged emails in the past regarding my 2008 research trip to the International Tracing Service (ITS) archives in Bad Arolsen to do DP research. A number of people from your DP Camp website responded and asked me for help.

I'm still continuing my DP research using the ITS archive records available at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC.

I'm working on an article for BRIDGES magazine regarding the airline flights (DC-4 aircraft) that were used to bring DPs to the U.S. and Canada. Another 10,000 DPs were flown from Italy and relocated to Colombia. There were at least 200+ flights to the U.S. My grandmother's first cousin and her children flew over in June 1949 from Germany to Connecticut.

I found a couple of reference to DP flights on your website and I sent emails to the two people who had posted them asking for added information.

Is there any way you could post a note on your website asking for people who may have flown over as DPs or have information regarding such flights to contact me?

Best regards.

Tom Sadauskas tsadausk@erols.com

All History Guide http://allhistoryguide.com and search engine

Americans for Legal Immigration Alipac

Archives to many countries

    United Nations Archives UNESCO archives portal search listings of all archives in the world



    There is a remarkable site for military research after 1880 and during World War I.


    There are large maps to download, images of uniforms, lists of troop units and other valuable information.

    I have received several photos of men in uniforms we could not identify. There are drawings of the uniforms of "Militaerbeamte: (like civil service attached to the military) with two rows of buttons that may help the list members who sent me those photos.

    The photos of uniforms show the gold belt and sword tassel of officers. The text is in German. If you have a German-English dictionary, you may want to have it on hand when you review these pages. Or go to an online dictionary for the key words that identify photos.

    The rank ensignia is from highest (at the top) to lowest, on the bottom. The NCO ensignia is just above the lowest, the Gemeiner (private).



    Austrian Film Archives - Österreichisches Filmarchiv, Laxenburg n.wostry@filmarchiv.at

    Obere Augartenstrasse 1
    A-1020, Wien (Vienna)
    Österreich (Austria)

    Tel: +43 (1) 512 9936

    Fax: +43 (1) 513 5330


    Directory and links to following Austrian archives are on:

    Archiv der Stadt Klosterneuburg
    Archiv der Stadt Salzburg
    Augustiner-Chorherrenstift Herzogenburg Bibliothek
    Bibliothek Benediktiner-Erzabtei St. Peter
    Bibliothek für Musikwissenschaft
    Bibliothek Kärtner Landeskonservatorium
    Bibliothek St. Gabriel
    Bibliothek Tiroler Landeskonservatorium
    Bundesstaatliche Studienbibliothek
    Burgenländische Landesbibliothek
    Burgenländisches Landesarchiv
    Burgenländisches Volksliedarchiv
    Diözesanarchiv und Diözesenbibliothek
    Filmarchiv Austria
    Internationales Opern Archiv
    Kärntner Landesarchiv
    Landesbibliothek Niederösterreich
    Lilienfeld Bibliothek
    Niederösterreichisches Landesarchiv
    Niederösterreichische Landesbibliothek
    Oberösterreichische Landesbibliothek
    Oberösterreichisches Landesarchiv
    Oskar Kokoschka Archiv
    Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
    Österreichischen Zentralbibliothek für Physik
    Österreichischer Fernseharchiv
    Österreichischer Rundfunk Archiv
    Österreichischer Stadtgeschichtsforschung Bibliothek
    Österreichisches Filmarchiv
    Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
    Osterreichisches Theatermuseum Bibliothek
    Salzburger Landesarchiv
    Salzburger Literaturarchiv
    Schlossbibliothek Steyr
    Stadtarchiv Bad Ischl
    Stadtarchiv Bad Vöslau
    Stadtarchiv Baden-bei-Wien
    Stadtarchiv Braunau am Inn
    Stadtarchiv Bregenz
    Stadtarchiv Bruck an der Leitha
    Stadtarchiv Eisenstadt
    Stadtarchiv Feldkirch
    Stadtarchiv Graz
    Stadtarchiv Hall in Tirol
    Stadtarchiv Hallein
    Stadtarchiv Innsbruck
    Stadtarchiv Krems
    Stadtarchiv Linz
    Stadtarchiv Mödling
    Stadtarchiv Neunkirchen
    Stadtarchiv Pöchlarn
    Stadtarchiv Salzburg
    Stadtarchiv Sankt Pölten
    Stadtarchiv Steyr
    Stadtarchiv Villach
    Stadtarchiv Wels
    Stadtarchiv Wiener Neustadt
    Stadtbibliothek Feldkirch
    Stadtbücherei Baden bei Wien
    Steiermärkische Landesbibliothek
    Steiermärkisches Landesarchiv
    Stiftsbibliothek Klosterneuburg
    Tiroler Landesarchiv
    TU Graz Universitätsbibliothek
    TU Wien Universitätsbibliothek
    Universitätbibliothek für Angewandte Künste - Wien
    Universitätbibliothek für Theaterwissenschaft Wien
    UniversitätsBibliothek für Bodenkultur Wien
    Universitatsbibliothek für Musik und Darstellende Kunst - Graz
    Universitätsbibliothek für Musik und Darstellende Kunst - Wien
    Universitätsbibliothek Graz
    Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck
    Universitätsbibliothek Leoben
    Universitätsbibliothek Linz
    Universitätsbibliothek Mozarteum
    Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg
    Vorarlberger Landesarchiv
    Vorarlberger Landesbibliothek
    Wiener Bühnenverein
    Wiener Stadt- und Landesarchiv
    Wiener Stadt- und Landesbibliothek
    Wissenschaftliche Bibliothek

Austria-Hungary Empire



    "Most of these persons are natives of central and eastern Europe and the Balkans. ... In our (U.S.) zones in Europe there are citizens of every major European country. Visas issued to displaced persons and refugees will be charged, according to law, to the countries of their origin. They will be distributed fairly among persons of all faiths, creeds and nationality. " Truman report 1945 New York Times http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/documents/displace.htm


    One of the most famous opposition leaders during and after the Second World War was Stepan Bandera. The aim of the Bandera was to gain independence for Ukraine. Bandera's name became synonymous with Ukrainian nationalism during the Soviet era. Many lies have been published in the....for more, see Disinformation on Ukraine's Freedom Fighters

Belarus / Byelorussia

    Byelorussia, the Western half of which was governed by a civil administration while the Eastern half was controlled by a military government, was under German occupation longer than any other Soviet republic. No other example shows as clearly what the German occupation intended to do and achieved: Out of a population of 10.6 million, 2.2 million inhabitants lost their lives which amounts to 1/4 of the Belarus population. More: http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/exhibits/WoA/byelorussia.html

    http://www.geocities.com/dudar2000/Bcc.htm Belarus in Wikipedia Encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarus

    Why is Russia white? http://www.pravapis.org/art_white_russia.asp Belarus: real or fictitious nation?

    http://www.pravapis.org/art_belarus_nation.asp Belarus: "Belarusian" and "Belarusan" the correct adjective forms

    http://www.pravapis.org/art_belarusian_adjective.asp The 21 Names of Belarus http://www.pravapis.org/art_belarus_name.asp

Biases in recording history

    Most history sites, this one is a perfect example, don't even mention Ukraine being at the war at all. It's like the 10 million Ukrainian people missing after WWII doesn't mean a thing to some historians. Casualty lists which exclude the Ukrainians totally



Immigrants to São Paulo, Brazil, Online

A list of immigrants who came to the State of São Paulo, Brazil, is
available at  http://www.memorialdoimigrante.sp.gov.br. Most of the
records are for the period 1885 - 1925, but there are some as late as
1948. Searching for the given name John produced only about 200 entries.
It does not have wildcard ability, but interestingly you can search by
first name only. ....  The site is sponsored by the Department of
Museums and Archives, of the State Secretary of the Culture of São
Paulo. From: http://www.avotaynu.com/nu.htm

Bukovina the Land of Beech Trees


    The Bukovina Society of the Americas
    P.O. Box 1083, Hays, KS 67601, USA
    Oren Windholz, President windholz@bukovinasociety.org

    Bukovina Society site map history of Bukowina http://www.bukovinasociety.org/ genealogy research Bukovina



The Library and Archives Canada (LAC) launched a new online database,
Ukrainian Immigrants, 1891-1930. The database has over 14,700 references tonames of Ukrainians who arrived in Canada and the United States between 1891 and 1930. The information was obtained from passenger lists held at the LAC for the following ports:

Halifax, Nova Scotia
Montréal and Québec, Quebec
Saint John, New Brunswick
New York, New York
Portland, Maine

Searching may be done by keyword, surname, given name(s), ship and year of immigration. To search go to: http://tinyurl.com/p83co6b
Original url:

To read more about the database go to: http://tinyurl.com/px63j7t
Original url:

Jan Meisels Allen
Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

The first two Ukrainian settlers arrived in Canada in 1891 followed by tens of thousands until the start of the First World War. Most Ukrainian immigrants of this period were identified on government records as Poles, Russians, Austrians, Bukovinians, Galicians and Ruthenians, arriving from provinces in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The vast majority of these immigrants settled in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.

The second large wave of immigration from the Ukraine occurred after the First World War. These immigrants were welcomed by the already established Ukrainian communities.

For more historical information about Ukrainians in Canada and sources available at Library and Archives Canada, seeImmigration History: Ethnic and Cultural Groups: Ukrainian.

The Records

This database provides access to references to Ukrainian immigrants who arrived in Canada between 1891 and 1930. The names were extracted from the following records:

Passenger lists held at Library and Archives Canada for the Canadian ports of Halifax, Nova Scotia; Montréal and Québec, Quebec; and Saint John, New Brunswick, and for the American ports of New York, New York; and Portland, Maine.
Notes about early Ukrainian settlers and pioneer families in Canada gathered by Dr. Vladimir Julian Kaye (1896–1976), a historian, public servant, journalist and author of several books, including Early Ukrainian Settlements in Canada, 1895–1900; Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography: Pioneer Settlers of Manitoba, 1891-1900; andDictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography of Pioneer Settlers of Alberta, 1891–1900.
The Database

This research tool provides access to 14,793 references to names of Ukrainians who arrived in Canada between 1891 and 1930.

Names appearing on passenger lists held at Library and Archives Canada were indexed by the late Walter Zayachkowski and input into this database. All the information appearing on those lists was entered into the database and therefore it is not necessary to consult the documents. However, should you still wish to view the actual passenger list, they are digitized on our website (consult Passenger Lists for more information).

Mr. Zayachkowski also indexed the names found in the series called “Sailing Records: Note Books” in the Vladimir Julian Kaye fonds (MG31 D69, volume 25, files 2 to 8, note books 1 to 7, microfilms H-3090 and H-3091). Those names were also entered in this database. If a database entry includes the note, “Fonds contains a card with information about this individual,” it means that there might be more information about the individual in the fonds.

Note that Mr. Zayachkowski included surname variations in his index as well as some alternate names, based on his knowledge of Ukrainian names and his research in other information sources.

The content of the database entries reflects the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated.

Important note: Given that some of the original documents are very difficult to read, some information in the database may be incorrect and/or incomplete.

The search screen allows you to search by:

Given Name(s)
Year of Immigration
You can enter a surname and/or given name. Note that some entries include only an initial for the given names. Try searching by surname only.

You can also enter any term in the keyword box such as port, occupation, nationality etc.

When you have entered your search terms, click on "Search." The number of hits found will be shown at the top of the results screen.

How to Interpret the Results - Your search results will be posted as a results summary list from which you will be able to obtain an item description.

Item Number
Given Name(s)
Year of Immigration
Click on the underlined item number of a person to access the Item page, which contains additional information specific to that person.

How to Obtain Copies

Records from passengers lists. The lists are digitized and can be viewed on our website. Consult Passenger Lists to find out how to access digitized lists and different databases. Do not submit copy requests for records that are already online.
Records from the Vladimir Julian Kaye fonds (MG31 D69). The records are not digitized. Consult Access the Records for options such as ordering copies and viewing microfilms onsite. Include the full details from the database entry when submitting a copy request.
Other Resources

Immigration History: Ethnic and Cultural Groups: Ukrainian
Immigration Records (passenger lists, Form 30A, border entries)
Thematic Guides—Internment Camps in Canada during the First and Second World Wars
Vladimir Julian Kaye fonds (MG31 D69)
Read the description of the complete collection.
Consult the Finding Aid to see the list of contents for each volume.
Series O is titled, “Research material on Ukrainian pioneer settlers: sailing and naturalization records 1891-1900, obituary and death notices,” volumes 25 to 27, microfilms H-3090 to H-3096).
Series P, Q and R also contain material of interest to genealogists.
Note that only the information from volume 25, files 2 to 8 (“Sailing Records: Note Books”) is included in this database. However, much of the material was published in these books: Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography of Pioneer Settlers of Alberta, 1891–1900 (AMICUS 4970795) and Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography, Pioneer Settlers of Manitoba, 1891–1900 (AMICUS 69961).

Posted by: "Laurence Krupnak"Lkrupnak@erols.com

Chernovitsi / Czemovitsi

    Greetings Olga:

    I used the German spelling of Chernovitsi (Czernovitsi). So far I have dug up info about the village of Russisch Banilla, which was two villages known as Banilla de Sus and Banilla de Chos (Jos). One village up stream on the Chermosh River and known as Banilla de Sus, the other village down stream known as Banilla de Chos (Jos) and in 1776 the Austrians combined and named it Russisch Banilla.

    I have maintained the original names and have not Ukrianianize the names. Am staying with the spelling of names and places as they were at the time in history. Locals that were conscripted into the Austrian Army from Bukovina reported to the K.K Common Army in Czernoivitsi (Chernivtsi) and the units were under the control of the XI Army in Lemberg, now Lviv. That is how the army records are now in L' viv. Any further info would be greatly appreciated.

    Sincerely yours, Eugene A Sr

Displaced-Persons - Ein Nachkriegsproblem http://www.geschichtsatlas.de/~ga2/index.htm A problem after the war.

Campaign to rescind Pulitzer prize by New York Times

Carpathenains - Rusyns, Ukrainians, Lemkos, Bukovians,


Carpathian Germans



    One week before the planned EU enlargement, six Central European countries agreed in Berlin on 23 April to put behind them lingering disputes over people displaced before, during, and after World War II, Reuters reported. Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia agreed to create a network of documentation centers on displaced people.

    "Together with our eastern neighbors, we have today set in motion a process of understanding," said German Culture Minister Christina Weiss. "For the first time since 1945, we have been able to put the debate at a political level over expulsion and forced refuge in the 20th century into a European framework."

    Plans announced last year by the Sudetendeutsche Landsmannschaft, which unites ethnic German expellees and their families, to set up a center against expulsions prompted outrage among Germany's neighbors, who said their people also suffered as a result of the war.
    RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 8, No. 77, Part II, 26 April 2004


    Circassians are an ancient people of the Northern Caucasus (between the Black sea and Caspian sea) of Russia. Russia invaded our lands in the 19th Century and forced about 500,000 to emigrate to Turkey, then later to Syria, Jordan and Israel and other countries. I'm writing a book on our people who came to America in 1923-1951-1967-1973 and to the present date. My beginning starts with many of our elders who left the North Caucaus and migrated through Europe(1944-1948) and the Middle-East and finally arriving in America during several waves of emigration. Today we have 6,000 Circassians in Northern New Jersey and about 2,000 in California.

    Our lands hold so much history. Our culture and heritage are beyond anything you have come across. Our dance has been rated as the most exciting in the world by major cultural dance instructors. Many of the Greek and Scandanavian mythologies are based on our own Nart Saga's. Go to Amazon.com and look for two books:

      Circassians by Amjad Jamouka
      Nart Saga's by Professor John Colarusso

    Thanks again for all your help Olga. Nowraz Zakaev




Death camps http://www.deathcamps.org/contents/


The memorial is located in Denmark Frøslevlejren a few miles north of the border in the middle of the Padborg Frøslev plantation. Frøslevlejren was in 1944 originally as a police detention facility, that is built as an internment camp for Danish resistance fighters. Operated by the SS, but it was also contrary to the original arrangements as a transit camp to the concentration camps in Germany. The warehouse, although designed for 1,500 prisoners, housed up to 5,500 prisoners (spring 1945) who had to perform forced labor.

After the liberation on 5 May 1945 Frøslevlejren not closed but served under the name Camp Faarhus from now on the internment of German or ethnic German spies and sympathizers and Danish collaborators.
 Frøslevlejren as a prison camp was operated in this manner until the fall of 1949 and thereafter, from 1 November 1949, it served under the new name Padborg camp as a barracks for different groups of Army and Air Force.

http://www.panoramio.com/user/4378657?photo_page=45&comment_page=4 Submitted by: Alan Newark



    Determine if two people are related Family tree DNA http://www.qksrv.net/click-1275293-9879306

    The National Geographic Genographic Project is selling DNA testing (for $107) that claims it will determine a person's genetic lineage. I think it would be interesting if some of you "pure-bred" rusyns out there gave this a try and reported back the results to the rest of us. I'm saving my pennies to get a kit, but am only 50% rusyn... The url is: http://shop.nationalgeographic.com/shopping/product/detailmain.jsp? itemID=2345&itemType=PRODUCT

    Kevin www.ancestry.com has kits avaliable for father, mother and for indian ancestry for a couple hundred bucks. Very accurate tests. The more you pay the better results. Its not a swab the mouth, say what you are deal. They can match ancestors through male or female lines and/or tell if one has an indian infusion of the blood. Jon

DPs in Post-War Germany

    conference 31 January 2003 http://www.iwm.org.uk/conference/prog3.htm

Dutch -

Bannered website with French language introduction....A-Z Pages of numerous named  WWII French Resistance members with DOBs and dates & places / camps of execution. Sombre and moving but helpful and useful.

Submitted by Alan Newark braveheart180203@hotmail.com


Rescued Dutch Officers and the UPA

(Major General J. A. Baron Bentinck)

Published on May 23, 2012
Major General J. A. Baron Bentinck Served in the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces
Date of interview: 24 August, 1989 Place of interview: Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Interviewer: Petro Potichnyj


Between mid-1942 and the beginning of 1944 the German prisoner of war camp Stalag 371 in Stanislav (now city of Ivano-Frankivs'k in Western Ukraine) was used to house some 2400 Dutch officers as prisoners of war. After Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940 most of the Dutch officers were taken as prisoners of war and sent to German POW camps in Germany and later on some of them were sent to POW camp in then occupied Stanislav.

In the beginning of January 1944 the Soviet Army was advancing to the West; as a result, the Wehrmacht planned to transfer the Dutch officers from the POW camp in Stanislav to a new location "somewhere" in Germany. Finding out about these plans, some of the Dutch officers started making their own plans for escape. Around 142 officers escaped from the POW camp in Stanislav. Most of them enjoyed only a very short moment of freedom: some were shot to death by German firing squads, some died in Soviet prison camps, some were murdered in Mauthausen, and some vanished.

Dutch officers ( F. J. G. Brackel, L. A. D. Kranenburg, Harteveld,
H. J. Lineman, P. J. de Ruijter, J. J. Signor, E. J. C. van Hootegem,
S.van der Pol, Byl de Roe, J. A. Baron Bentinck)
during stay with the UPA after escape from Stanislav POW in
January 1944. Picture was taken by the UPA.

Ten of the Dutch officers were fortunate to meet with the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) soldiers, who rescued them, gave them food and shelter, and led them to Hungary, providing an armed escort. Dutch officers believed that Hungary would intern them and not give them back to the Germans.

We know about three groups of Dutch officers who successfully escaped from the POW camp in Stanislav.
One group, consisting of seven Dutch officers, chose to stay and hide in one of the buildings of the POW camp. This building had been a theatre before WWII and now served as the German inspection point, where Dutch officers were processed before their transport out. These escapees crawled under the stage, behind an imitation wall, which they had previously erected. There they huddled in two tight rows, squeezed together like "sardines in a can", scared to make a sound for two whole days. Only two of them, Joop Singor and Syp van der Pol, made their way to freedom. The other five officers died in Soviet and German concentration camps. The second group, consisting of six officers, among them Edward van Hootegen, Harteveld, Lieneman, and Ruijter, successfully jumped off the moving train while being transported out of Stanislav. Two other officers were not that fortunate: Gerry and Jan were caught by the Germans after trying to jump off the train, and were later murdered in Mauthausen. The third group escaped successfully. One of the officers, Byl de Roe adeptly sawed a hole in the back of the train car. He and three other officers, Baron Bentinck, Leen Kranenburg, and Brackel jumped out near the town of Halych.

In the eyes of the Dutch officers the Ukrainians who helped them are their heroes.
Their stories are brought to us through live interviews, which were recorded as part of the UCRDC's World War II Oral History project. They were conducted in August of 1989 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands by Professor Peter J. Potichnyj. Six of the ten rescued Dutch officers provided the interviews. Some of them passed away and some were ill at the time of these interviews. The recorded interviews are stored as part of the Oral History Archives at UCRDC in Toronto. For more information visit our website: http://www.ucrdc.org/.

    The ten rescued Dutch officers:
    1. Major General J. A. Baron Bentinck
    2. Major General F. J. G. Brackel
    3. Colonel Byl de Roe
    4. Colonel Harteveld
    5. Lieutenant General E. J. C. van Hootegem
    6. Major General Dr. L. A. D. Kranenburg
    7. Lieutenant Colonel H. J. Lineman 8.
    Major General S. van der Pol
    9. Lieutenant Colonel P. J. de Ruijter
    10.Lieutenant General J. J. Singor


Europe, 1945-2000

Estimates of the dead range as high as 50 million, although national tolls varied greatly, from 20 million Russians [ of which were 10 million Ukrainians] to 460,000 British and Commonwealth subjects. Overall, the losses in Central and Eastern Europe far outnumbered those in Western Europe.... more

European Military Records website: http://maxpages.com/poland/Military_Records_Europe



Exploring the myth of Galicia
Nov 15th 2014 | KRAKOW |

“THE life of the kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria was short and sad… and few people mourned its passing.” So wrote Norman Davies in 1981 in his magisterial history of Poland. Poverty in Galicia in the 19th century was so extreme that it had become proverbial—the region was called Golicja and Glodomeria, a play on the official name (Galicja i Lodomeria) and goly (naked) and glodny (hungry).

The largest and most populous crownland of the Austro-Hungarian empire, occupying a swathe of what is now south-east Poland and far western Ukraine, was also by a large margin its most backward province.

Yet since the end of the cold war, and in the past few years especially, Galicia has been the focus of considerable interest, particularly in relation to Polish and Ukrainian national identities. A new exhibition, “The Myth of Galicia”, which has taken four years to assemble, opened recently in Krakow and will later travel to Vienna.

The 600 objects include maps, photos, paintings, sculpture and cartoons. They explain the emerging mythology of a region that was taken by the Austro-Hungarian empire from Poland after the first partition of Poland in 1772, and lasted until 1918 when the Habsburg empire’s fate was sealed. The show looks at the creation of Galicia before examining Polish, Ukrainian, Austrian and Jewish perspectives and lastly “Galicia after Galicia”, the contemporary mythology in which Galicia is a brand of bottled water and soup.

The view was rather different for Poles and Ukrainians, in particular in southern Poland and western Ukraine. Galicia became their Piedmont, the place from where the restoration of an independent Polish or Ukrainian state could begin. In the course of the 19th century, they began to feel ever more strongly about their respective imagined nations and grew more resentful of their Austrian colonisers.

Outside Europe, it is the descendants of the 2m Galician emigrants to America in the 19th and early 20th century who are keeping the myth of Galicia alive. In Europe, Galicia is a central element of Poles’ national identity and of Ukrainians’ search for a European identity. “The latest proof of the political significance of the Galician heritage has been the contribution of its Ukrainian parts to the success of the Maidan this year and last year,” says Mr Purchla. For many Ukrainians today Galicia is a beacon of Western civilisation. Whatever its flaws, this Austrian invention is relevant and alive.

“The Myth of Galicia” was at the International Cultural Centre, Krakow, until March 8th 2015 -


Maps: http://maps.geshergalicia.org

Research: http://feefhs.org/links/galicia.html

Census: http://feefhs.org/links/galicia/shea.html

Lemkos: http://www.lemko.org

Europes Historical Timeline: http://feefhs.org/links/galicia/history.html

Vital records of Galician towns: http://www.polishroots.org/Research/Galician_records/tabid/203/Default.aspx


    The Digital Picture Archives of the Federal Archives

    • The Federal Archives keeps approx. 11 million still pictures, aerial photographs and posters from modern German history. First photographs date from the 1860ties. Most pictures show events and/or persons, in particular from the
    Weimar Republic (1919-1933; among others Group "Bild 102 Aktuelle-Bilder-Centrale, Georg Pahl")
    Nazi Reich (1933-1945; especially war pictures taken by propaganda companies of the German army (Wehrmacht, Group "Bild 101")

    • GDR (1945/49-1990; among others pictures of the central press agency (Group "Bild 183 Allgemeiner Deutscher Nachrichtendienst ADN - Zentralbild") and "everyday photography" ("Bild 226 Nachlass Hans Martin Sewcz", "N 1648 Bild Sammlung Beier")

    • Federal Republic of Germany (from 1945/49 onwards; among others Group "B 145 Bild Federal Press and Information Office")

    https://www.bild.bundesarchiv.de -Bild 101II-MW-4222-03A / Dietrich / CC-BY-SA 3.0

    Between Hitler & Stalin - the untold story

Germany & Slave Labor

Forced labor / Zwangsarbeiter
Zwangsarbeiter (forced workers) im Dorf website in German with photo

Another website in German Quellen zu NS-Zwangsarbeitern (forced workers in) im Staatsarchiv (state archives) Sigmaringen (city archives of Sigmaringen)

Photo of Arbeitsbuch (worker's identification book) 'Lagergeld' Concentration Camp Money


Study- and Documentation Center on the History and Impact of the Holocaust

Regional organizations: Bund der Vertriebenen

Germany forced labor settlement (obsolete)

The settlement that we reached with the German defendants was for compensation for slave and forced labor. This settlement was limited to surviving former laborers. Therefore, if you were born in a work camp, I do not think you would have been eligible since you would have been too young to work. The deadline is over but you can ask what transpired.

Barbara Pratt
Legal Assistant
Cohen Milstein Hausfeld & Toll, PLLC
(202)408-4600 phone
(202)408-4699 fax

So few survivors eligible for benefits:
http://www.uni-hohenheim.de/~www570a/spoerer/survivor.htm Firms which paid compensation and how much:

Other useful links:

Germans Pensions for Work in Ghettos

Tel: 011-49-40-5300-1315 or at www.lva-hamburg.de The deadline to request an application was June 30, 2003
email: hasler@survivors-interntional.org

email:idavis@nylagorg and hdrook@nylag.org

Sample letter to German Social Insurance Office:

Landesversicherungsanstalt (LVA)
Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Postfach 70 11 25
22011 Hamburg

Dear Sir or Madam:
I hereby apply for payment of a Pension based on the work I did in a Ghetto. Please promptly forward me all forms, which I need to complete. I am looking forward to hearing from you.

German archives:

http://www.archive.nrw.de/index.asp website (in German) contains addresses of municipal archives, state archives, archives of industrial firms, university archives, church archives and private archives and gives you basic information: address, opening times, archival sources. The data on sources vary in quality as every archive is responsible for updating the data and only bigger archives manage to do so.

Municiple archives in Bavaria http://bavariafaqs.homestead.com/MunicipalArchivesList.html 402 addresses of German state

and municipal archives

Long list of German archives, in., e.g., Dresden, Leipzig, Thuringia, range of other localities with preceding advice about foreign workers / forced and voluntary workers in Reich from 1930's and  system of taxes, insurance, and other deductions from their wages. Good advice about how to track records with possible links to individual workers' records.


Submitted by: Alan Newarkbraveheart562002@yahoo.comAlan

International Tracing Service - historical-research at ITS-Arolsen.org

search page


Germany Army 1918- 1945

Yes, the SS did, indeed, send shiploads of prisoners out into the Baltic Sea with explosives on board. Some of these ships were bombed and strafed by Allied, usually Soviet, aircraft or torpedoed by Soviet submarines. If you want accurate information about this go to www.feldgrau.com  = largest website, mainstream and tightly moderated, about the history of the German Armed Forces 1918 - 45. Go to the SS/Waffen SS forum and post a request there for information about these boatloads of prisoners. Feel free to say that I referred you to the site. One of the moderators of the SS-Waffen SS forum, Mark Yerger, is one of Europe's foremost authorities on those organisations.

Alana Newark Info provided by: Alan Newark braveheart180203@yahoo.com

German in Defeat

How the military handled the population after the surrender, separating the Nazis from the general population, sending DPs home to their respective countries, food shortages and feeding the starving population, bombed out homes and factories, rounding up abandoned children and reopening schools; work of the SHAEF* (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) under the command of General Dwight D. Eisenhower.



German genealogy link & search: genealogy.net -Homepage http://www.genealogy.net

"DISPLACED PERSON: Civilians for war reasons are outside of their national borders, i.e., Forced laborer, obligation-kidnapped, political refugees in Germany, approx. 8-10 millions. Problems:

1. Repatriation
2. rising criminality of the DPs, although altogether not more highly than criminality in German large cities.
3. Right of domicile for DPs starting from 1951 on pressure of the west Allied. "

    "PROBLEM OF THE TRADE-OFF DEBT (MORSEY) only small embarrassment and dissociation in relation to the crimes of the dictatorship. Action of crew powers are seen as act of revenge: Reasons: individual innocence and/or own suffering; Hardnesses of the destructive crew politics; Crime of displaced person after release; and the Red Army obligation driving from east Central Europe, instead of moral basis of allied retaliation practice to recognize only set-off of debt." Computer translated by Babel fish. For more Deutschland 1945-1949, see: http://www.weinreichpeter.de/wissen/geschichte/zeitgeschichte/paper_gruendungbrd1.html

www.memorial.de - the site  of the German equivalent of Memorial Moscow / St Petersburg / Russia, etc. This site is in German.

Aufklärung und Erinnerung vergangenen Unrechts sind Ausdruck des Stellenwerts von Freiheit und Menschenrechten in einer Gesellschaft.

MEMORIAL Deutschland e.V. ist den Prinzipien von Toleranz und Gewaltlosigkeit verpflichtet und setzt sich für die historische Aufklärung sowie für die Wahrung der Menschenrechte in Russland und in den Ländern der ehemaligen Sowjetunion ein.


German victims

In his book, Crimes and Mercies (1997), James Bacque describes how he confronted New York Times reporter Drew Middleton with evidence that after the war, the U.S. starved to death over one million German POWs.

"What Middleton told me basically was that, yes, he had lied in 1945 and no, it did not matter to him or the New York Times if I exposed this." "Middleton's sense of security, his sense of the New York Times' power, took my breath away", Bacque writes. "But worse than that, Middleton did not care about this atrocity... the New York Times witnessed it, then denied that it happened. And has gone on denying it into the 1990's."

Bacque estimates that, during the Allied Occupation (1946-1950) an additional eight to twelve million Germans were deliberately starved to death. The war did not end in 1945. For five additional years, Germany was subjected "physical and psychic trauma unparalleled in history."

Letters from the famine years Germans in the Soviet Union (Ukraine) write their American relatives 1925-1937http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/grhc/info/book_reviews/boardman_review5.html

Internment of Germans in America http://www.germanlife.com/Archives/2002/0208-01.html

German camps catalogs by J T Carrigan http://www.jaypex.com/Germany/Camps/catalog.html

Civilian Internment Enclosures (C.I.E.) and Hospitals, Internment Camps (US Zone), stamps, post cards etc.

Excellent list of many films showing camps, inmates, DPs in US Zone

Go to website of: Fritz Bauer Institut · Cinematography of the Holocaust www.cine-holocaust.de/eng

On 10/28/11 Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart56200@yahoo.com Alan

Genealogy for Beginnners


General H Taylor ship photos

General H Tayor


John Guzlowski writes:
"We were all Displaced Persons, country-less refugees, who had lost our parents and grandparents, our families and our homes, our churches and our names, everything. It had all been left behind, buried in the great European grave yard that stretched from the English Channel to the Urals and from the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean. And here we all were on this former [US Navy] troop ship, coming to start a new life in America. We could not have imagined what we would find and what we would become."

For more see: http://lightning-and-ashes.blogspot.com/2008/04/growing-up-polish-american-update.html

Germans in Ukraine

"It was only for a short time that they felt secure and were protected from Stalin's terror. In 1944 the Germany army was forced to retreat. The Soviet army was coming closer to the villages in South Russia. Everybody understood that all German colonists had to leave their villages forever. Treks, with the last horses they had, were prepared for the long journey back to Germany. Actually they were destined for to the district "Warthegau" in Poland were they first had to be registered by the German government.

In the spring of 1944 these long treks started from all the colonist's villages occupied by the German army. They went to Poland on much the same route as their ancestors, 150 years earlier, came to Russia but in the opposite direction. Unfortunately, most of the colonists never made it to Germany. The Soviet army captured them and forced them to go back to the Soviet territory. They were never allowed to resettle their former villages again. Instead, they had to work in Siberia, in Kazakhstan, and in the cold north of Russia. Many people died on the way. Under Stalin's regime, 7 million people died before WWII began, and even more millions died during and after the war." More of this http://www.rootsweb.com/~ukrklieb/english/people/klotz.htm Born in Neu-Baden, Odessa By Eva Kiefer http://www.rootsweb.com/~ukrklieb/english/people/klotz.htm

North Dakota State University Library http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/grhc/index.html

U Boats of the Reich

    u boat gif

    http://www.u-boat-reich.co.uk - In depth look at German U-boats, U-boat Types, U-boat Commanders, U- boat Flotillas, Of WWII. Combat history, technical data and photos, development history.

    Visit these other sites also:




    "Compared to the number of people who are familiar with the Jewish holocaust, how many people heard of the Armenians genocide, for example, in which 1.5 million Armenians were allegedly systematically exterminated at the hands of the Ottoman Turks?* How many people heard of the Algerians alleged 1 million martyrs during the 1950s bloody war of independence from France, or, even what could well be the 20th century's worst holocaust ever, Stalin's Red Holocaust in Eastern Europe in the 1930s and 40s where over 7 million Ukrainians, Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians were murdered, starved to death, or died in Stalins death camps? Just to mention a few. Not quite enough people, I am sure. It is unfair to our children to teach them unrealistic or politically orchestrated history; it is also unfair to the (deceased) genocides victims or their existing descendents. Fairness and objectivity are the key, and that means curricular inclusiveness of the world's holocaustal accounts.

    Regards, Baha Abushaqra (Mr.) " Mideast Journal

    *The Ottoman Empire now included so much of the territory where Islam was practiced, and so many of the Islamic holy places, that Suleiman was widely regarded as the religious leader of Islam, as well as the earthly ruler of most Muslims. Sep 4, 2009
    The Ottoman period spanned more than 600 years and came to an end only in 1922, when it was replaced by the Turkish Republic and various successor states in southeastern Europe and the Middle East. Feb 15, 2017

Nazi genocide statistics

      table: http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NAZIS.TAB1.1.GIF

      Nazi Tab 1.1

      According to this table, Slavs were killed at twice the rate of the Jews. Also, it shows the heaviest democide at over 12 million USSR population (Univ. of Hawaii). Remember, that Ukrainians were listed as citizens of USSR and Poland; and Hitler occupied Ukraine for 3 years before he entered Russia proper.


Red Cross Humanitarianism In Greece, 1940-45


    Who is and Who Isn't a Holocaust Victim?

    An extensive collection of Holocaust records was finally unlocked to the public on Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2007 more than 60 years after its creation to trace millions of victims of the Nazi regime. Article:


Tito's Partisans and Concentration / labour camps for German-born or German-named civilians in Baranya region, Hungary


Alan in Bradford Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com

Israel reunion:

The first Conference of the Displaced People camps’ children is under way…
On Monday, December 21, 2015 From 9:30 am – 6:00 pm

Smolarsh auditorium, Tel Aviv University, Israel

Next Generation Foundation – the bearers of the Holocaust and Heroism Legacy, would like to enlarge its list of "children" and "babies" that either arrived at, or were born in the Displaced People camps in Germany, Austria and Italy, and the list of those who were born in Cyprus to Holocaust survivors who resided at refugees camps between the years 1945–1949.

For further questions, you can write us to: dorot.hahemshech@gmail.com

Form to Submit your name:



    Some Jewish leaders wish to keep alive a Ukrainian-Jewish hatred which has been distorted through the eyes of war. Ukraine was fighting a 3-front war: against Poland, against Germans and against Russia. Having lived through a 10 million person genocide instigated by Stalin, Ukrainians welcomed the German invasion believing the Germans had come to rescue them. Over time, and suffering under similar genocide perpetuated by the Nazis, Ukrainians fought back. See Half truths about Ukrainian collaboration with Nazis and Soviets

    "Moscow saw an opportunity to sow discord in Ukraine and its propaganda accused the UPA, other Ukrainian nationalists and the 'Ukrainian' Police of anti-Jewish crimes and other crimes. But the 'Ukrainian' Police, (Ukrainische Hilfungspolizei/Ukrainian Auxiliary Police) were often not Ukrainians by origin at all, but represented many nationalities. For instance, Poles, Volksdeutsche (local Germans) and even Russians speaking the Russian language were often called 'Ukrainian' Police. " Quoted from: Jewish Holocaust in Ukraine by Andrew Gregorovich

    Displaced Jews by Georgia Tech Jewish camps map German cemetary page provided by Jewishgen.org Kosher food at the camps Learning from history...Holocaust glossary Links & map: http://www.jewish-online.de/Eigene%20Web/shoah.htm

    Jewish survivors' lists: http://www.cjh.org/family/pdf/SurvivorsCenter.pdf

    Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Germany
    • Processed by Marek Web in 1986. Additional processing and EAD encoding by Sarah Ponichtera in 2014.
    RG 294.2http://digifindingaids.cjh.org/?pID=2142304


My name is Angie Seffker-Cope. I am a librarian at UWM Libraries, American Geographical Society Library which is one of the largest map and geography libraries in the United States, second only to the Library of Congress.

You may view these maps at this link:

This should be a great resource for genealogists and other researchers and I hope you enjoy!

For more information on my library, feel free to visit (online or in person): http://www.uwm.edu/Libraries/AGSL/index.html

American Geographical Society Library
UW Milwaukee Libraries
2311 E. Hartford Avenue
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201


Hours: M-F 8:00am-4:30pm
(414)229-6282 / (800)558-8993 (US TOLL FREE) / (414)229-3624 (FAX)


Nicholas Wintner saved 669 children from the Holocaust

A tearjerker - must see: https://www.facebook.com/newsnercom/videos/876157319218247/ -


pushed out of Prussia and resettle in Uruguay

Military records

Maxpages has lots of links for searching Military Records:


Oct 1, 2013 Hello Olga

I'm writing to proudly announce the publication of our new article, "99 Crucial Sites on 20th Century American Military History," which includes
Displaced Persons' Camps.


The history of military engagements in the U.S. is deeply entwined with the history of the country's overall development. Most of our readers are currently in the military, and considering pursuing higher education. With that it mind, we made this list as a way to look back on 100 years of military history that has shaped our country.

We're sharing this post across the web through social media and other channels, and if you could find a way to share it through your site as well, I'd really appreciate it. I've also attached a medal graphic honoring your sites inclusion that you can display anywhere you'd like.

Thank you so much for maintaining such a useful site. It is my hope that our readers visit and learn much from it. Please let me know if you have any questions or feedback.


Brooke Murphy@MilitaryEduOrg

Brooke Murphy brooke@militaryonlinecolleges.org

The links page has grown; continue to page N-P

Search this site powered by FreeFind

If this site was helpful to you, please consider making a donation to keep it going.