Lyssenko Displaced Persons Camp


Alexandra Tesluk Gibson shares some of her research with us:

This camp was named Lyssenko camp and was situated in Moeckernstrasse 21 - 27. It had the DPAC number 2715 from December 1946 to June 1947, and the DPACS number 14/76/96/2715 from May 1947 to March 1948. From April 1948 to June 1949 the camp had the number 76/2716; at that time mostly Polish Ukrainians lived in this camp. Fallingbostel, Marx and Oldenburg were three different camps located in three different regions. Wolfgang Strobel, author of Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter - Displaced Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland 1945 - 194

mockernstrasse sign
mockernstrasse building
Mockernstrasse Today:
This is a bus route. Also, I'm pretty sure that the building still houses some kind of military installation. If you look closely, there is barbed wire fencing in front of the building and it not only enclosed the building but it extended around almost an entire city block, plus you could only enter through a gate with a guard in attendance - this was my major clue that it was where maybe your parents were living as we never could find an actual number on any of the buildings. Mockernstrasse is really a short street. Sophie

Note from Jan:
Just looking at those pictures and without having been there I can at least comment that this is definitely some kind of an official governmental building. It is pretty well maintained, even the security measures are pretty much up to date. I would guess some city or provincial administration will be housed there. The outer looks resemble a typical barracks building from the late 20s or early 30s, probably updated in the 60s and then maintained until today. A restricted access indicates this building is still used by some security detail, e.g mobile police or civil defense. I could very well imagine this building was used after the war to accomodate refugees. (So was our house in which we are living since 1988. It used to be the former school house of this community and was confiscated by the British in May 1945 as a shelter for DPs.) Warm regards, Jan


July 6, 2003

City of Hannover
Department of Public Libraries and Schools
City Archives
Dr. Mechler
Am Bokemahle 14 - 16
30171 Hannover

Dear Mrs. Tesluk,

We have tried intensively to gather information about DP camp 36/4 Möckernstrasse in the records of the City of Hannover. To tell you frankly our research has proven only very little results.

In our records we could find only a Einwohnermeldekarte (registration form for residents of a community) made out in your name, carrying your birth date, the number of the entry into the births records of the registry office, your religion, the names of your parents, and the place of residence. A copy of this registration form we have included in this letter.

According to this registration form you were born in the Provincial Womens Hospital at 5 Herrenhäuser Kirchweg and were living at Camp Möckernstrasse. Unfortunately there are no further details given about this camp, e.g. "camp 36/4". The area of Möckernstrasse is known to us as a housing area for military staff during the war, these people were living in barracks. After the war the area was turned into living quarters for former forced laborers staying here until their repatriation. The building Möckernstrasse 27 was called Lyssenko Camp, which is named differently in another source: "76 D.P.A.C.S.".

We have in our possession a list of all people having lived in this camp between October 1945 and June 1950. Unfortunately neither your parents nor you are listed. One possible explanation might be your family has been accidentally forgotten to enter into this list, another reason might be there have been more camps than just Lyssenko at Möckernstrasse - but in our records we are lacking information about such camps.

All DP camps were under control of the British Military Government, the German administration took over only in June 1950. At this point of time (June 1950) there was only one DP camp at Möckernstrasse 21 - 27: Lyssenko Camp. In early June 1950 there were more than 3.100 men, women, and children living in this camp, most of them were from the Ukraine and White Russia (hope this is correct: Bielo Russia, can't find the English name in my dictionary).

For further research, we recommend the Archives of the State of Lower Saxony .... or the Public Record Service ...Great Britain. Both have records about the administration of these DP camps. We are very sorry we can't give you more detailed answers.

Kind regards, Dr. Mechler


Letter from J. Kuhl:
It might be wortwhile to write to the British Public Records Office, this I would guess might be the best bet as the British were the ones to have all DP camps within their occupational zone under control - if anybody at all they should have records.

... This was combined with the general tracking service in 1991 when in the course of the German reunification the sister organisation of the German Democratic Republic was taken over by the German Red Cross and both tracking services were united in Munich. So both organisations are actually integrated into one service and their combined knowledge has helped to clarify the fate of a few hundred thousands of missing people or has assisted in the reunification of families having been separated for decades. But much to my surprise I learned there are more ten 2 million cases still open - including those of people who have disappeared from East Germany and their whereabouts remain unknown until today.

This guy told me that a search like the one you are trying is virtually impossible on a private basis. Too many files of DP camps have been lost or were actually never set up or maintained. Some files of persons living in those camps have been passed on later by various military governments or administrations to the German administration but it took the Red Cross until the early 70s to get those registers together - with most likely several data lost again as these files were set up by various bodies (communities, allied military, even private organisations and churches had their own files). You can imagine what kind of different data had to be put together to allow the Red Cross tracking service to find more than 30 million missing people.

To take a long story short: as there is basically no other organisation which has access to those files and archives your best bet is still the German Red Cross - especially as community offices are not known to be very cooperative especially if they have to deal with requests of foreigners. For German nationals they are a pain in most instances.

Don't give up hope, if you have already registered with the tracking service your request will be answered some day - hopefully to your liking. Good luck with your research!

J. Kuhl, Germany


Alexandra Tesluk Gibson's photos:
I was born in a camp in Hannover: the 36/4 is listed on my baptismal certificate; Lager Moekenen is listed on my birth certificate. Do you have any information on Camp Moeckernstrasse in Hannover, the still missing Andreas Tesluk or other Tesluk family members?

The name of the church: St. Joseph Church on Isernhagener Strasse. I had crosschecked and found this church has been used after the war by the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church for their functions. The name of the church isn´t specified on my baptismal certificate, just the name of the priest and the area.
Alexandra Tesluk Gibson

Click to enlarge phototestluk 3
 

 

Left to right: my mother Olga (Helka),
her sister Stella and my grandmother,
Telka TESLUK, in the 1930's / 1920's.

Click to enlarge photoAndreas family group 2

   My mother in early 1946 was expecting me in this photograph.

I am still trying to find my father,
Andreas Tesluk, who didn't travel with
us to Canada.
Andreas' missing fingers are
quite prominent here.

Click to enlarge photo Andreas family group
 

Photo taken in Lager Mockernstrasse in approx.1947.

Left to right: Andreas TESLUK,
Alexandra (me) sitting on his knee,
my mother Olga (Helka) & sister Maria.
Andreas' left hand has missing fingers.
He may have been tortured.

 

Here I am again in Camp Lyssenko. I planted a maple tree and set a plaque in memory of my father who disappeared in 1948. On my left is my niece, Katherine Stewart and my friend Hendrike Kuehl (far right). (August, 2007)

  lyssenko tree dedication
     
 

George george@geotrek.ca submited the following photos:
December 02, 2005, I have included a few photos: Here is the Ukrainian school in Lyssenko.
I am on the 3rd row, far left, behind the older gent. Is your sister there?

Ukrainian school group photo

Click to see full size

George's family group
  On the left is my family in our apartment in 1948.
I am the little fellow in front.
Silberseal Lake  


Silbersea lake in Hannover.
Many Lysenko people used to go there for swims.

Hannover City Hall   Hannover's gorgeous City Hall
Model of Hannover   Model of Hannover at end of war.
They did not rebuild the church and
use it as reminder of that time.
Hannover bird's eye view  

Lysenko was in the upper right hand direction but off the model about ten blocks away. I am attaching an air photo showing the S.E. corner of Lysenko. The red circle near the bottom is were I lived in the block with the orange roof. I think your block would have been one of the darker roofs to the left.

To the right are the orchards and to the top is the canal and swimming pools were my dad took me for long walks.The church in the model was bombed and would not be the one you were baptized in. About three blocks south of my red circle is a church we went for Christmas in about 1946-1947 and may be the one. Unfortunately the air photo does not go that far and I don't know its name. I also found some Ukrainian churches on the internet:

    Ukrainian Greek Catholic Churches:
    Ukrainisch-griechisch-Katholische Kirchegemeinde St. Wolodymyr (St. Vladymir)
    Ukrainisch Ökumenisches Zentrum Wolodymyr
    Hannoversche Strasse 122, 30627 Hannover

 


lyssenko entrance sign

This is the sign at the main entrance to the camp.
I have not yet had it translated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My family (mom, dad, three sisters, two bothers) was one of the first to move into the camp. My sister, Halyna, was a teacher in the school which began in 1946 (I think). Our apartment was in the very south-east corner of the camp. Across the road to the east, by the orchards was a small store where I recall buying candy and pop. The store is still there, but is now a day-care centre.

To the right is the apartment we lived in for 5 years. The annex to the right was originally a gymnasium, but in 1947 (I think), it became the Ukrainian church and my Dad was a deacon there. His name was Mykola Xomenko. The lady in front is my wife, Judy.

 

 


canal and swimming pool
Here is the canal and swimming pools we played at just north of the camp.


front of apartment building
This is the same apartment looking south with the church annex on the right.


Judy in front of apartment

George in front of his window

This is a close up and our window is on the second floor left on me.
I still can’t believe how everything is just as I remembered and all the buildings have been so well maintained. I think they are in better shape now than when I left 55 years ago.  

Hope this is a little more clear to you. Le me know if you need more.

George george@geotrek.ca     

 

 

For layout of the camp, download LyssenkoBaumpflanzplätze.pdf

 

 

george in front of orchard
This is me and the road between the camp and the orchards which leads to the canal.

Judy in front of orchard
This is Judy in front of the orchards east of the camp.


 


Canal by the bridge.    

The weather and sights have been fantastic.

 

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"The English kids laughed at me. The only way that I knew how to identify myself was by the DP label, which everyone else gave me. And, no one wanted to sit beside a DP. I didn't know what it meant, but I could tell by their laughter and pointing fingers that it wasn't a good thing to be. School created more trouble for me at home, too. If I was delayed and came home late, or had a bad report card, I would be punished."

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