View of bombed out Nuernbuerg onto the Main market about 1945. All the roofs are gone and only some walls are standing. You've got to imagine how terrified the residents and slave labor were during all this bombing.
State archives: Staatsarchiv Nürnberg,
Tel.: 0911/35-7437, 0911/35-7501
The Nürnberg SS-Barracks (built between 1933 -1936) were occupied by SS troops in 1937. Captured by 45th US Infantry on 18th April 1945 this barracks became a DP center for freed 'foreign' workers (Auslander) and POWs in the Nürnberg area. On 25th April the first occupants were 200 Russians(?) by end of April 1945 some 30,000 forced- workers Zwangsarbeiter had been freed. The former SS-barracks were renamed by the US Army-Merrell Barracks. From 5th May 1945, 1,000 Poles a day were being repatriated back to Poland by American trucks.
In June 1945, there were still 13,300 DPs accommodated in Nürnberg, of which over half, i.e., 8,500 were registered as staying in the former SS-Barracks, where the Americans fed and nursed many back to health after their ordeal of hard labour, poor nutrition and inadequate medical attention.
In September 1945, there remained between 5,000-6,000 'foreigners' in the SS-Barracks waiting to return to their homelands. Eventually by 18th December 1946, the town council decided to release the building for city administration purposes but this was opposed by the US Military, which decided to use the SS-Barracks to create a US Garrison there.
In 1946 on the area of the former prisoner-of-war camp at Nürnberg-Langwasser (which had operated under the German armed forces from 1939 to 1945 near the Reichs Party Congress area), the Americans set up a DP camp under the administration of the UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) for the accommodation of homeless foreigners (Displaced Persons). The occupants were mainly Latvian and others from the Baltic states. The large majority of which had emigrated overseas. The camp went by the name Valka Lager. When the International Refugee Organization (IRO) replaced the UNRRA in 1947, the camp became a major center for homeless foreigners, primarily inhabited by refugees from the Eastern Bloc countries. In October 1951, it housed 4,300 persons from 28 nations and had largest number of DPs in Bavaria.
Best regards, Stefan Mucha
The connections between church and school were usually close in the camps. These Latvian young people attended Sunday children's service at Valka camp at Nürnberg. Photo credit: Lutheran World Federation & Mark Wyman
Photos at United Nations archives:
Museum für Kommunikation Nürnberg
Tel.: 0911.230 88 - 0
Nürnberg firms employing forced laborers, 1939-1945
I am new to this site and find it very interesting. My parents are survivors of the holocaust, originally from Poland. We emigrated to the United States in 1951. My son is in the process of researching our geneology and I am currently looking for any sites I can access to help in his research. Specifically I would love to obtain passenger lists from the Mauretania which left Le havre, France in December 1951, My parents were slave laboreres for the entire war, with my dad having been shipped to Nuremberg concentration camp, then back to a farm for slave labor. Their long and painful journey to the United States is absolutely unbelievable. I would also like to know if there are any chat rooms for children of survivors of the holocaust since I believe we have our own set of issues to deal with. Would love to hear from everyone. Chris / USA
|Olga in front of DokuCenter (Dokumentationszentrum Reichsparteitagsgelände)|
in Nürnberg. This is a museum dedicated to the history of the Third Reich and the Nazi Party.
|Olga turning gold ring for good luck on fountain fence |
in front of Church of Our Lady from the Franken period