Slave Labor in Nazi, Germany

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Hahn
    4/1/06 Dear Mrs. Kaczmar!
    We try to find out more informations about Lager Hahn which is near the town, we live now. On the graveyard near our church there are many graves - most of them from little children that died in the lager Hahn, Bockhorn, Sande, Delmenhorst, Westerstede, Adelheide ... We are looking for people who can tell us about the life in such a lager, the circumstances - any informations. Could you please help us? We are looking forward to an answer.
    Werner Zihn and Rita Kusch, Email: RitaKusch@web.de

Hamburg - see Bergedorf, KZ Fuhlsbüttel, KZ Neuengamme
Hameln

    City archive: http://www.hameln.com/kultur_und_freizeit/stadtarchiv.htm
    Silke Schulte, Tel. (0 51 51) 2 02-4 39
    Jonas Eberhardt, Tel. (0 51 51) 2 02-3 39
    Fax: (0 51 51) 2 02-6 51
    E
    mail: stadtarchiv@hameln.de

    Street address: Osterstrasse 2 (Hochzeitshaus), 31785 Hameln
    PO Box / Postanschrift: Postfach, 31784 Hameln

    Stadt Hameln
    Lord Mayor
    Rathausplatz 1 D-31785 Hameln
    Germany
    Tel.: ++49 (0 51 51) 2 02-0
    Fax: ++49 (0 51 51) 2 02-5 69
    Email: rathaus@hameln.de

    http://www.hameln.de/index.html


Hänigsen - The army ammunition depot (Bw) Hänigsen Submitted by: Alan Newark Scotland Alan Newark

    http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dahrbergen,%2Bzwangsarbeiter%26hl%3Den&rurl=translate.google.co.uk&sl=de&u=http://www.relikte.com/haenigsen/index.htm&usg=ALkJrhjdM07LDoGaAKef0RJIBth8T12OOg

    After the discovery of extensive Kailvorkommen is in 1905 with the establishment of the mine "Riedel" north of the village Hänigsen, begun in 1909 took the work on the promotion.


    In 1938 the armed forces of the bay area built within 2 km north an ammunition manufacturing facility, the name was "Heeresmuna forest camp". Halfway between the areas of a camp for workers in the ammunition factory, the "Camp Celler Way" was born. . The production area and the pit were connected to each other via the sidings In the above-ground production area cartridges are filled and was completed projectiles. In The Bay "Riedel" has blown up on the 650 m and the 750 m level numerous ammunition chambers in the rock. Here the ammunition produced has been incorporated since 1941. The production facilities were later also moved into the tunnels because of the hazards caused by Allied bombing. From 1944, the Wehrmacht has also deposited underground warfare agent munitions.

    In April 1945, Allied troops occupied the operating parts of the Muna Hänigsen.

    As of 1945:
    After the war, the British began the demilitarization and removal of Muna. The 76th Depot Control Company was responsible for the recovery of the stored ordnance, it was with the same duties for the ammunition institutions (Bw) Godenau and Volpriehausen active.

    Condition:
    In the area of the shaft "Riedel" some historic buildings have been preserved in good condition. In the production area, most buildings are still there, but some expire rapidly. The former "labor camp Celler Way" still has well-preserved massive barracks.


Hannover
Heidesheim
Heilbronn
Heiligenbeil - Heiligenbeil was a subcamp of the German concentration camp Stutthof near Danzig during the Third Reich.

    10/31/04 Olga,
    Hi I am hoping you will be able to help point me in the right direction. We are trying to find out about my husband's late father's life. We know very little of his past prior to coming to England for obvious reasons. He was Ukrainian and born in Kolomyja. We have what we believe is an identity card and the last address on it puts him at Heiligenbeil, which we understand is a sub camp of Stutthof. We know that he was in Rimini Italy after the War and we are wondering if he would have been in the DP camp. His name was Stefan Czornenkyj. I would be so grateful if you could point us in the right direction. Thank you for your great work. Julie Czornenkyj / UK, stewart@desouza4443.fsnet.co.uk


    Helmbrechts

    Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart56200@yahoo.com Alan Newark
    http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Displaced_Person

    1945 On 11 and 12 April: strafing attacks on 15 April: evacuation of the camp outside Flossenbuerg, invasion of the U.S. armed forces

    The concentration-camp Helmbrechts in August 1944 was a related, wooden barracks existing camp for female prisoners, the Ravensbruck concentration camp , and shortly after the initial occupancy of the Flossenbürg assumed. The later 1000 and had to inmates in the halls of the textile company, Witt forced labor for the Neumeyer Cable and Metal from Nuremberg to afford.
    On 13 April 1945, the death march instead of a total of 1175 prisoners by heath over farm and maple mountain after Schwarzenbach an der Saale (also see Memorial Long course ) and then Neuhausen near Rehau, Franzensbad , Marienbad, plan and dew in the Bohemian Wallern led. Over 200 women died of exhaustion or were murdered. (Computer translated.)


    Hermann Goerring #9
      My father was 12 years old and living in Kremenitz, Ukraine during the Nazi occupation, after the invasion of Poland in 1939. On a Saturday he and some friends decided to attend a movie in town. Midway through the movie, the lights came up and a Nazi officer announced that all able bodied men (12 and over) were to be put into a truck. They were then taken to different Nazi Labor Camps; my father was taken to Hermann Goerring number 9. He was forced to stay there until the liberation by the United States. Faced with being repatriated to Ukraine and falling under the worse evil (The Soviets), luckily he was able to speak Polish (and taught others to speak a little so they could stay) and was placed in a Displaced Persons camp in West Germany until 1950 when he was able to immigrate to the United States. George buder@knology.net

    Herzberg
      There is a prisoner list and death register for Herzberg Concentration Camp (KZ lager)

        Thank you for your friendly inquiry about the Ukrainian prisoners in KZ lager Hersbruck. Since beginning our data base in 2000, it contains over 90,000 names, 90% of the arrested persons in the KZ. Ukrainian prisoners are mostly noted as "'Russian' prisoners in the documents of the SS. Unfortunately, it is not possible to call up an exact number. A very incomplete search result calls a number of over 1,100 prisoners from the Soviet Union for Hersbruck. Of these, only three are registered as Ukrainian. With at least 21 further we assume are of Ukrainian origin (for instance because of first names like "Petro" or "Grizko"). The correct number is surely substantially more highly. Extensive evaluations (places of birth, last residences) would have to be carried out to find more. We are sorry that we cannot give more exact information to you.

        Johannes Ibel
        Häftlingsdatenbank
        Tel. +49-(0)9603-921982
        Email: jibel@gedenkstaette-flossenbuerg.de

        KZ-Gedenksätte (Concentation camp memorial) Flossenberg
        Gedächtnisallee 5 - 7
        92696  Flossenberg
        GERMANY
        Tel. +49-(0)9603-921980
        Fax +49-(0)9603-921990
        Email: information@gedenkstaette-flossenbuerg.de
        Internet: http://www.gedenkstaette-flossenbuerg.de


    Hessen - See Allgemein, Darmstadt, Dreieich, Frankenberg (Eder), Giessen, Hofgeismar, Kassel, Korbach, KZ Lichtenau, Marburg, Offenbach, KZ-Osthofen, Sand, Solms, Wiesbaden


    Herford - Nordrhein Westfalen
    Herne Nordrhein-Westfalen
    Heuberg by Stetten
      8/24/05
      I found your site when researching my family history and found it very helpful. A member of my family who now lives in Ulm says she was taken to "Kalten Markt in the former concentration camp at Heuberg by Stetten." Do you have any information about this camp? I believe it was in the French zone. Thank you in advance for your assistance. Marcia Heit, USA

    Hildescheim
    Hoffnungsthal
      Hoffnungsthal, Prisoner of War Camp in the Stephanus Chapel 1940-1945, The grounds on the edge of the Cologne/Bonn airport is used as a prisoner of war camp.

    Hofgeismar
    Hohenzollen
      My mother spent the entire war as a forced labourer on a German farm in Hohenzollen, doing manual farm work as well as housekeeping, cooking and taking care of the invalid wife of the farmer. She said the work was extremely hard but that didnŐt worry her she was used to hard work. She was 19 when taken away from her child, her family, and her homeland, everything she held near and dear. She didn't know the language and was scared. After the war she met my father who was still in his concentration camp stripes, bald, nothing but skin and bone. They decided to make a life together. From 1945 - 1946 They stayed at various DP camps in Germany. My father is not forthcoming with any information. He just said, "I want to forget." Maria Nolan / Australia

    Homberg, near Duisburg

    Jan 27, 2008 Hello Olga,
    My mother, Anna Dunec, was taken from her home in Orihivka, Ukraine in 1943 to work as a slave labourer (Ostarbeiter) in Germany when she was 17. She worked in Homberg (near Duisburg) but escaped after that city was bombed by the Americans in 1944. She made her way with two friends to Kapellen (near Moers) where she found work on a farm with a very good German family who looked after her. (after mum escaped from Duisburg she changed her name to Eugenia Majewska.) She met dad, Mikolaj Ilyk, at Kapellen after the Americans arrived and they were all taken to a camp in Ratingen. They finally emigrated to Australia in 1949 on the Fairsea. Is it possible to get any more information about parent's stay in Germany?

    Peter Ilyk ilyk@grapevine.com.au



    Homosexuals

      Persecuted in Nazi Germany, homosexuals were affected by police raids and arrests after 1933. More systematic persecution occurred after 1935 under paragraph 175 of the German penal code. Arrest statistics for homosexuals jailed in Nazi Germany range from a low of 5,000 to a high of 40,000. Many German homosexuals were sent to concentration camps and forced labor camps, where they were vulnerable to brutal medical experiments, castration, and sterilization; in the camps they were marked by a pink triangle. Although their mortality rate is not fully known, it is believed that several hundred probably perished in the camps. The Nazis did not try to kill all homosexuals but tried to "convert them for procreation." There is no evidence of any arrests of lesbians in Nazi Germany.

    Ingolstadt

    Itzehoe

    prison: Landgerichtsgefaengnis Bergstrasse 5 (34 former prisoners)

    civilian work camps:

    Pumpenfabrik (pump factory) Siemens & Hinsch, Lager Camp Fuchsberg 150 persons
    Alsenische Portlandzementfabriken (Portland Cement Factory), Lager Camp Schulenburg, 130 persons
    Sauerkohlfabrik Hengstenberg, Lager Camp Leuenkamp, 100 women (info from Ministry of Labour, Schlewig Holstein).


    Janowska death camp (1941-1943), was in Lwow, Poland, now Lviv, Ukraine.
      A Toronto survivor of the Janowska Camp told FORUM that there were about 10,000 people in the camp at one time of which about 3,000 were Ukrainians and Poles.

      From Wikipedia: In October 1941, the Nazis established a concentration camp beside the factory, which housed the forced laborers. Thousands of Jews from the Lwow ghetto were forced to work as slave laborers in this camp. When the Lwow ghetto was liquidated by the Nazis, the ghetto's inhabitants who were fit for work were sent to the Janowska camp; the rest were deported to the Belzec camp for extermination. The following pages only cover the Jewish slave labor:

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janowska
        http://www.death-camps.org/occupation/lvov%20ghetto.html
        http://death-camps.org/occupation/janowska.html

    Jehovah's Witnesses
      This religion was founded in the United States with about 20,000- 30,000 members in Germany by the late 1920s. As a matter of religious belief, Witnesses refused to use the Hitler salute, salute the swastika flag, bear arms in war, or participate in the affairs of government or the war effort. The Witnesses were banned and their presses confiscated in 1933.

      After 1935, many Witnesses lost jobs, homes, businesses, and pensions because they won't give the Heil Hitler salute. They were viewed as enemies of the state, arrested, imprisoned in concentration camps, and marked with a purple-colored triangle. More than 900 Witness children, who refused to join the Hitler Youth, were involuntarily removed from parental custody to Nazi penal institutions and juvenile homes.

      About 10,000 Witnesses from Germany, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, Norway, and Poland were arrested and deported to various concentration camps; between 2,500 and 5,000 died in Auschwitz, Berlin-Plozensee, Brandenburg prison, Dachau, Esterwegen Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Hamburg prison, Mauthausen, Neuegamme, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück, Wewelsburg and other camps. More than 250 Witnesses were executed for refusing to serve in the German military.

      In the concentration camps, they were beaten and fed only a slice of bread in the morning and thin watery soup in the evening. Other punishments included hanging from a pole with your hands tied behind you and being put outside soaking wet in the frigid below freezing cold weather. They could have been given their freedom if they would renounce their faith. Few did. Many spent 10 years in confinement. They were allowed to write to outsiders only 3 or 4 sentences. Afraid that they were spreading their faith to other prisons, anyone talking to them were gien 25 strokes.

      Video: "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of PA.

      "Joachim Alfermann was repeatedly beaten and humiliated, and then he was placed in solitary confinement. But Alfermann remained steadfast and refused to bear arms. After enduring prolonged efforts to break his integrity to God, Alfermann was finaly sent to the Stutthof concentration camp in February 1944. Liberated in April 1945, he survived the war and remained a loyal Witness of Jehovah until his death in 1998. Altermann was one of the 13,400 Witnesses in Germany and in countries occupied by the Nazies, who suffered reprisal because of their faith. They followed the direction of the Bible, remaining politically neutral and refusing to take up arms (Matthew 26.52; John 18:36). Some 4,200 Witnesses were interned in concentration camps, and 1,490 lost their lives." Watchtower October 15, 2007.


    Kahla
      First of all, congratulations with your superb website on the Displaced Camps. I have been doing research on one of the biggest underground aircraft factories in Germany between 1944 - 1945 near Kahla. At this factory, 15,000 forced labourers had to work from many countries, like Poland, Russia, Belgium, Italy, and so. Conditions were very hard and a lot of them died. In March, I founded an association and we are working very hard to prepare everything for the inauguration in May 2004. Patrick Brion

    Kassel
    Kaufering
      http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10006171

      Book: Edith Raim, "Unternehmen Ringeltaube" Dachaus Aussenlagerkomplex Kaufering, Dachauer Hefte, Heft 5: Die vergessene Lager, 193-213.

      4/24/05 Dear Olga,
      The records at NARA state that my uncle Heinrich MALZ was freed at Kaufering, which I believe was a sub-camp of Dachau. How can I find any record of him in a DP-Camp? Can I find what happened to him after he left the camp? Regards, Doug Mason, Melbourne mason@alphalink.com.au


    Kleinbardorf
      Reply to Alexandra's inquiry:
      Kleinbardorf is a tiny little village about 8 kms southwest of Königshofen (today named Bad Könishofen) which is located about 35 kms northwest of the city of Schweinfurt (which you should be able to locate on any halfway decent map of Germany, it is in the northern parts of Bavaria). My goodness, your mom must have taken some kind of a tour of Germany - going on to Mannheim (located on the river Rhine about 90 kms of Frankfurt) - at that time a hell of a trip (well, we don't know where she has been during her time in Kleinbardorf and Mannheim) but at least in the American Zone of Germany after the war. How she ever made it to Hannover I can't even estimate as this city was located in the British Zone and travel between zones was anything but easy or simple. Jan

      For those who know more about Kelinbardorf, contact Alexandra at agibson7497@rogers.com


    ln Nordrhein-Westfalen
    Konstanz
    Korbach
    Krefeld Nordrhein-Westfalen
    KZ Konzentrationlager system (concentration camp) 20,000 camps held forced labor of all nationalities of conquered countries. See page two for links.

    Laatzen - civilian work camp -

    700 persons - see researching the British zone


    Lahde/Weser

    Short story about the Gestapo/SS work education camp Lahde/Weser

    This work education camp was built up in accordance to a huge power station and a canal in the Lahde area. In this camp there lived about 700 Gestapo prisoners, guarded by SS personnel. They were forced to work building the elements of the power station Lahde or producing gravel in a quarry near Steinbergen/Weser Hills. Most of the prisoners were former slave workers from Russia and Poland, the minority of them came from Netherlands or France. The death rate was high. From March 1943 to April 1945 about 700 prisoners died or were executed without real reason. They are buried on several cemeteries in the region.

    In the first April days 1945 the camp was evacuated to Hannover-Ahlem and afterwards about 80 Russian prisoners from the work education camp Lahde were executed on the Seelhorst cemetery in Hannover.

    Hermann Kleinebenne Hermann_Kleinebenne@web.de


    Lauenburg


    Lauf Pegnitz / Lauf A.D. Pegnitz
      My mother was in a forced labor camp in Lauf ad Pegnitz (On a map I see Lauf Pegnitz a little right of Nurnberg. Its a suburb.I've seen it as Lauf A.D. Pegnitz as well). I am looking for more information. She must have been in a camp in Nurnburg, but I am not sure. I can't ask her, she passed away in 1987. You have a great website. Nell drengaczn@yahoo.com

    Lehrte

      6 civilian work camps:
      Dulag Lehrte – Durchgangslager  (Transit Camp) – 2000 persons
      Reichsbahn Lager “Ida” (National Railroad), 1000 persons
      Wintershall AQ, 300 persons
      Heeresmunitionsanstalt (Institute for army ammunition), 150 persons
      Sozialgewerk (Social trade), 100 persons
      Zuckerfabrik (Sugar factory) Lehrte, 60 persons


    Lentersheim had 52 slave labor, male and female. Records are available at the Nuremberg State archives.
    Lety
      The concentration camp for Gypsies at Lety, established before Hitler's occupation of the Czech part of Bohemia, remained entirely under Czech administration. (Even today, there is no museum or large monument to the Gypsies murdered there by Czech guards. A small stone square notes the place, while most of the former camp area is used by a pig farm). It was well evident then, at least to people with a decent heart, that guilt and innocence in Bohemia were not tied to ethnicity. For more info, see: http://home.comcast.net/~cmickelsen/CarpathianGermanHistory.htm

    Lichtenau KZ
    Lörrach
    Lübeck

    European Archives: http://councilforeuropeanstudies.org/resources/libraries-archives?gclid=COawguPSm8ICFVCCMgodPToARw


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