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City archive: http://www.hameln.com/kultur_und_freizeit/stadtarchiv.htm
Silke Schulte, Tel. (0 51 51) 2 02-4 39
Jonas Eberhardt, Tel. (0 51 51) 2 02-3 39
Fax: (0 51 51) 2 02-6 51
Street address: Osterstrasse 2 (Hochzeitshaus), 31785 Hameln
PO Box / Postanschrift: Postfach, 31784 Hameln
Rathausplatz 1 D-31785 Hameln
Tel.: ++49 (0 51 51) 2 02-0
Fax: ++49 (0 51 51) 2 02-5 69
After the discovery of extensive Kailvorkommen is in 1905 with the establishment of the mine "Riedel" north of the village Hänigsen, begun in 1909 took the work on the promotion.
In 1938 the armed forces of the bay area built within 2 km north an ammunition manufacturing facility, the name was "Heeresmuna forest camp". Halfway between the areas of a camp for workers in the ammunition factory, the "Camp Celler Way" was born. . The production area and the pit were connected to each other via the sidings In the above-ground production area cartridges are filled and was completed projectiles. In The Bay "Riedel" has blown up on the 650 m and the 750 m level numerous ammunition chambers in the rock. Here the ammunition produced has been incorporated since 1941. The production facilities were later also moved into the tunnels because of the hazards caused by Allied bombing. From 1944, the Wehrmacht has also deposited underground warfare agent munitions.
In April 1945, Allied troops occupied the operating parts of the Muna Hänigsen.
As of 1945:
After the war, the British began the demilitarization and removal of Muna. The 76th Depot Control Company was responsible for the recovery of the stored ordnance, it was with the same duties for the ammunition institutions (Bw) Godenau and Volpriehausen active.
In the area of the shaft "Riedel" some historic buildings have been preserved in good condition. In the production area, most buildings are still there, but some expire rapidly. The former "labor camp Celler Way" still has well-preserved massive barracks.
Hi I am hoping you will be able to help point me in the right direction. We are trying to find out about my husband's late father's life. We know very little of his past prior to coming to England for obvious reasons. He was Ukrainian and born in Kolomyja. We have what we believe is an identity card and the last address on it puts him at Heiligenbeil, which we understand is a sub camp of Stutthof. We know that he was in Rimini Italy after the War and we are wondering if he would have been in the DP camp. His name was Stefan Czornenkyj. I would be so grateful if you could point us in the right direction. Thank you for your great work. Julie Czornenkyj / UK, email@example.com
Submitted by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
1945 On 11 and 12 April: strafing attacks on 15 April: evacuation of the camp outside Flossenbuerg, invasion of the U.S. armed forces
The concentration-camp Helmbrechts in August 1944 was a related, wooden barracks existing camp for female prisoners, the Ravensbruck concentration camp , and shortly after the initial occupancy of the Flossenbürg assumed. The later 1000 and had to inmates in the halls of the textile company, Witt forced labor for the Neumeyer Cable and Metal from Nuremberg to afford.
On 13 April 1945, the death march instead of a total of 1175 prisoners by heath over farm and maple mountain after Schwarzenbach an der Saale (also see Memorial Long course ) and then Neuhausen near Rehau, Franzensbad , Marienbad, plan and dew in the Bohemian Wallern led. Over 200 women died of exhaustion or were murdered. (Computer translated.)
KZ-Gedenksätte (Concentation camp memorial) Flossenberg
Gedächtnisallee 5 - 7
Hessen - See Allgemein, Darmstadt, Dreieich, Frankenberg (Eder), Giessen, Hofgeismar, Kassel, Korbach, KZ Lichtenau, Marburg, Offenbach, KZ-Osthofen, Sand, Solms, Wiesbaden
Homberg, near Duisburg
Jan 27, 2008 Hello Olga,
My mother, Anna Dunec, was taken from her home in Orihivka, Ukraine in 1943 to work as a slave labourer (Ostarbeiter) in Germany when she was 17. She worked in Homberg (near Duisburg) but escaped after that city was bombed by the Americans in 1944. She made her way with two friends to Kapellen (near Moers) where she found work on a farm with a very good German family who looked after her. (after mum escaped from Duisburg she changed her name to Eugenia Majewska.) She met dad, Mikolaj Ilyk, at Kapellen after the Americans arrived and they were all taken to a camp in Ratingen. They finally emigrated to Australia in 1949 on the Fairsea. Is it possible to get any more information about parent's stay in Germany?
Peter Ilyk email@example.com
prison: Landgerichtsgefaengnis Bergstrasse 5 (34 former prisoners)
civilian work camps:
Pumpenfabrik (pump factory) Siemens & Hinsch, Lager Camp Fuchsberg 150 persons
Alsenische Portlandzementfabriken (Portland Cement Factory), Lager Camp Schulenburg, 130 persons
Sauerkohlfabrik Hengstenberg, Lager Camp Leuenkamp, 100 women (info from Ministry of Labour, Schlewig Holstein).
From Wikipedia: In October 1941, the Nazis established a concentration camp beside the factory, which housed the forced laborers. Thousands of Jews from the Lwow ghetto were forced to work as slave laborers in this camp. When the Lwow ghetto was liquidated by the Nazis, the ghetto's inhabitants who were fit for work were sent to the Janowska camp; the rest were deported to the Belzec camp for extermination. The following pages only cover the Jewish slave labor:
After 1935, many Witnesses lost jobs, homes, businesses, and pensions because they won't give the Heil Hitler salute. They were viewed as enemies of the state, arrested, imprisoned in concentration camps, and marked with a purple-colored triangle. More than 900 Witness children, who refused to join the Hitler Youth, were involuntarily removed from parental custody to Nazi penal institutions and juvenile homes.
About 10,000 Witnesses from Germany, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, Norway, and Poland were arrested and deported to various concentration camps; between 2,500 and 5,000 died in Auschwitz, Berlin-Plozensee, Brandenburg prison, Dachau, Esterwegen Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Hamburg prison, Mauthausen, Neuegamme, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück, Wewelsburg and other camps. More than 250 Witnesses were executed for refusing to serve in the German military.
In the concentration camps, they were beaten and fed only a slice of bread in the morning and thin watery soup in the evening. Other punishments included hanging from a pole with your hands tied behind you and being put outside soaking wet in the frigid below freezing cold weather. They could have been given their freedom if they would renounce their faith. Few did. Many spent 10 years in confinement. They were allowed to write to outsiders only 3 or 4 sentences. Afraid that they were spreading their faith to other prisons, anyone talking to them were gien 25 strokes.
Video: "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of PA.
"Joachim Alfermann was repeatedly beaten and humiliated, and then he was placed in solitary confinement. But Alfermann remained steadfast and refused to bear arms. After enduring prolonged efforts to break his integrity to God, Alfermann was finaly sent to the Stutthof concentration camp in February 1944. Liberated in April 1945, he survived the war and remained a loyal Witness of Jehovah until his death in 1998. Altermann was one of the 13,400 Witnesses in Germany and in countries occupied by the Nazies, who suffered reprisal because of their faith. They followed the direction of the Bible, remaining politically neutral and refusing to take up arms (Matthew 26.52; John 18:36). Some 4,200 Witnesses were interned in concentration camps, and 1,490 lost their lives." Watchtower October 15, 2007.
Book: Edith Raim, "Unternehmen Ringeltaube" Dachaus Aussenlagerkomplex Kaufering, Dachauer Hefte, Heft 5: Die vergessene Lager, 193-213.
4/24/05 Dear Olga,
The records at NARA state that my uncle Heinrich MALZ was freed at Kaufering, which I believe was a sub-camp of Dachau. How can I find any record of him in a DP-Camp? Can I find what happened to him after he left the camp? Regards, Doug Mason, Melbourne firstname.lastname@example.org
For those who know more about Kelinbardorf, contact Alexandra at email@example.com
Laatzen - civilian work camp -
700 persons - see researching the British zone
Short story about the Gestapo/SS work education camp Lahde/Weser
This work education camp was built up in accordance to a huge power station and a canal in the Lahde area. In this camp there lived about 700 Gestapo prisoners, guarded by SS personnel. They were forced to work building the elements of the power station Lahde or producing gravel in a quarry near Steinbergen/Weser Hills. Most of the prisoners were former slave workers from Russia and Poland, the minority of them came from Netherlands or France. The death rate was high. From March 1943 to April 1945 about 700 prisoners died or were executed without real reason. They are buried on several cemeteries in the region.
In the first April days 1945 the camp was evacuated to Hannover-Ahlem and afterwards about 80 Russian prisoners from the work education camp Lahde were executed on the Seelhorst cemetery in Hannover.
Hermann Kleinebenne Hermann_Kleinebenne@web.de
6 civilian work camps:
Dulag Lehrte – Durchgangslager (Transit Camp) – 2000 persons
Reichsbahn Lager “Ida” (National Railroad), 1000 persons
Wintershall AQ, 300 persons
Heeresmunitionsanstalt (Institute for army ammunition), 150 persons
Sozialgewerk (Social trade), 100 persons
Zuckerfabrik (Sugar factory) Lehrte, 60 persons
European Archives: http://councilforeuropeanstudies.org/resources/libraries-archives?gclid=COawguPSm8ICFVCCMgodPToARw